Biblical and Theological Studies

A division of Talbot School of Theology

Faculty

Dean: Clinton E. Arnold, Ph.D.
Dean of the Faculty: Scott B. Rae, Ph.D.
Associate Dean: Douglas Huffman, Ph.D.
Chairs: David Talley, Ph.D. - Old Testament
Erik Thoennes, Ph.D. - Systematic Theology
Matthew Williams, Ph.D. - New Testament
Professors: Berding, Curtis, Horner, Huffman, Langer, Lunde, Pierce, Talley, Thoennes, M. Williams
Associate Professors: Anizor, Draycott, Jung, Lee-Barnewall, Lister, Lockett, McKinley, McMartin, Stetina
Assistant Professors: Hagen, Harris, Petitfils, Trimm, Volkmer,  T. Williams

Biblical Studies Challenge Exams

Challenge exams are designed for those who have a working knowledge of the course content as a result of prior learning (attending a Christian high school, for example), but were not able to transfer that work to Biola. Informal, personal study normally will not prepare one adequately to pass these exams. Exams are available for BBST 109 (3 credits) and BBST 110 (3 credits). These exams may be taken only during the student’s first year at Biola. Also, if the student has taken the course (or even a portion of it), the student is not eligible to take the corresponding challenge exam.

Exams are given in two parts, written and oral. Successful performance must be attained on both the written and oral portions in order for the student to receive credit for the challenge exam. Grades are recorded on a credit or no-credit basis only. No re-takes permitted.

Courses

Biblical and Theological Studies (BBST)

BBST 103 - Biblical Interpretation and Spiritual FormationCredits 3

Equipping to interpret and apply the Bible in accurate and dynamic ways for spiritual transformation and character formation. Note(s): Must be completed during the first year.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 105 - Foundations of Christian ThoughtCredits 3

Introduction to theology with special emphasis on learning to do theology, understand the doctrine of Scripture, introduce the integration of various fields of knowledge with the Bible, and see the importance and development of a Christian worldview. Note(s): Must be completed during the first year.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 109 - Old Testament History and LiteratureCredits 3

An overview of the Old Testament with emphasis on the purpose of the writers; history and culture; literary genre, structure, and themes; persons and events, and practical application for Christian living.
Grade Mode: A, C.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 110 - New Testament History and LiteratureCredits 3

An overview of the New Testament with emphasis on the purpose of the writers; history and culture; literary genre, structure, and themes; persons and events; and practical application for Christian living.
Grade Mode: A, C.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 150 - Old Testament SurveyCredits 4

An overview of the Old Testament focusing on book outlines, key themes, persons and events in biblical history, and personal application.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Professional Studies (BOLD); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 220 - Guided StudyCredits 1-3

For those needing credits to complete their Bible requirement. Reading with written reports on biblical and/or theological subjects.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 251 - Theology ICredits 3

The Biblical doctrines of God, Christ, man, and sin, with reference to the history and development of Christian theology.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 254 - Theology IICredits 3

The Biblical doctrines of salvation, the Holy Spirit, the church, and last things, with reference to the history and development of Christian theology.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 301 - Biblical Studies Research SeminarCredits 3

Research skills for use of the internet, library and reference works in biblical studies and theology. Methods of writing with emphasis on critical thinking, persuasion, and evaluation are covered, culminating in a research paper and oral presentation. Note(s): Must be taken within the first two years at Biola.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 306 - Early Christian History - ActsCredits 3

Study of the Book of Acts from a missions perspective, dealing with the activity of the early church and its current expression in evangelism and missions.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 110.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 311 - Biblical BackgroundsCredits 3

Contributions of archeology, geography, culture, and history to biblical interpretation. Note(s): May include abroad-study in lands of the biblical world.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 312 - Principles of InterpretationCredits 3

Methods and principles for interpreting Scripture throughout church history and the present era. Theory is applied to texts with an emphasis on the grammatical-historical method.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105.
Restrictions: Must be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 320 - Methods of Bible StudyCredits 3

Essentials of inductive Bible study will be applied to Old and New Testament genres of literature in order to equip the student with skills for observation, interpretation, application, and edification.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103.
Restrictions: Must not be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 330 - Jesus' Life and MinistryCredits 3

Chronological study of the gospels, similarities and differences between the writers, as well as the historical, cultural and theological factors aiding in interpreting events and teachings.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 110.
Restrictions: Must be Senior Class; and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 340 - Guided StudyCredits 1-3

In-depth study of a specific book or books of the Bible including written report on the relevance of the book to the student's life.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Professional Studies (BOLD); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 341 - Life and Letters of PaulCredits 3

Authorship, occasion of writing, themes, theological issues, literary structure and content of Paul's writings set in the context of Paul's life and mission. May focus on a smaller unit such as Prison or Pastoral Letters.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 110.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 342 - Gospel of JohnCredits 3

Authorship, occasion of writing, themes, theological issues, literary structure and content of the Gospel of John.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 110.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 343 - General LettersCredits 3

Authorship, occasion of writing, themes, theological issues, literary structure and content of non-Pauline letters.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 110.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 344 - I CorinthiansCredits 3

An in-depth analysis of Paul's first letter to the Corinthians, emphasizing the historical and cultural background of the letter, its author, and its recipients; the theology of the letter; and the relationship between theology and ethics in Paul's instructions to the church. Focuses particularly on how Paul's ethical method can be appropriated in a twenty-first century context.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 110.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 360 - PentateuchCredits 3

Mosaic authorship, historical and cultural backdrop, themes, theological issues, literary structure and content.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 109.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 371 - Early History of IsraelCredits 3

Selected biblical books or topics from the period of the conquest through the establishment of David's kingdom, focusing on historical, cultural and theological issues that aid in interpreting events and texts.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 109.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 372 - Later History of IsraelCredits 3

Selected biblical books or topics from the period of the kings and prophets from Solomon through the return from exile, emphasizing historical, cultural and theological issues that aid in interpreting events and texts.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 109.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 380 - Wisdom and Poetic LiteratureCredits 3

Authorship, date of writing, historical and cultural backdrop, themes, theological issues, literary structure and content of Job through Song of Songs.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 109.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 381 - Selected PsalmsCredits 3

A study of the book of Psalms with a view toward understanding its purposes and appropriate uses. Attention is given to the poetic (and musical) character of this material. Different types of psalms are identified, compared, and contrasted in order to determine how these psalms were likely used in antiquity. Students are led to experience the different types of psalms so as to gain insight into how they might be appropriately used today.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 109, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 391 - Major ProphetsCredits 3

Authorship, date of writing, historical and cultural backdrop, themes, theological issues, literary structure and content.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 109.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 392 - Minor ProphetsCredits 3

Authorship, date of writing, historical and cultural backdrop, themes, theological issues, literary structure and content.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 109.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 393 - IsaiahCredits 3

A study of the book of Isaiah with a view toward understanding the prophet's own historical context as well as the Exilic and post-Exilic periods which are the focus of much of the second half of the book. Attention is given to important themes and the major teachings of Isaiah, to the relevance and application of the book's message in the prophet's time and in the time following his lifetime. Different types of prophetic literature are identified, with time devoted to the interpretation of prophetic literature and its relevance for individuals and the church today.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 109, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 394 - DanielCredits 3

An exegetical, theological, and expositional study of the Old Testament book of Daniel covering introductory matters, historical and cultural backdrops, literary structure, the big idea and key themes of each major section, and how to teach Daniel in a church context. While the methodology primarily reflects canonical theology, implications for practical and systematic theology are also included. The focus is theocentric, aimed toward knowing God's person and work through the book of Daniel.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 413 - Biblical Theology SeminarCredits 3

Focus on exploring the methodology of biblical theology, both deductively and inductively, with the goal of attaining an awareness of its central issues and a competence in the exegetical-theological skills it requires.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 109, BBST 110, BBST 251, BBST 254, BBST 301, BBST 311, BBST 312; and BLGR 102; or BLHE 101 and 102.
Restrictions: Must be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 414 - Systematic Theology SeminarCredits 3

Focus on engaging a single topic of biblical revelation with attention to the exegetical, philosophical, and practical dimensions in a systematic theology discourse.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 109, BBST 110, BBST 251, BBST 254, BBST 301, BBST 311, BBST 312; BLGR 102; or BLHE 101 and BLHE 102.
Restrictions: Must be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 430 - Advanced Study: New TestamentCredits 1-3

Independent student research and writing in addition to a seminar style classroom atmosphere for the study of selected texts and/or topics. Note(s): May be taken multiple times for credit with different content.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 110.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 440 - Advanced Study: Old TestamentCredits 1-3

Independent student research and writing in addition to a seminar style classroom atmosphere for the study of selected texts and/or topics. Note(s): May be taken multiple times for credit with different content.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 109.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 450 - Advanced Study: Systematic TheologyCredits 1-3

Independent student research and writing in addition to a seminar style classroom atmosphere for the study of selected texts and/or topics from either or both testaments, thematically arranged to emphasize biblical, historical and/or systematic theology. Note(s): May be taken multiple times for credit with different content.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 451 - Character of GodCredits 3

A biblical and theological exploration of God's character. Attention is given to the biblical basis for our understanding of who God is and the implications this has for our daily lives. Seeks also to gain a greater understanding of recent challenges to the classical understanding of the character of God.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 452 - Theology of Marriage and FamilyCredits 3

An advanced seminar on the theology of marriage and family. Attention is given to the biblical and theological underpinnings of our understanding of marriage and family, with an additional focus on the practical implications this has on our daily lives.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 453 - Theology of GenderCredits 3

A biblical and theological analysis of the contemporary evangelical gender debate by examining its history, most important contributors, divergent evangelical views (e.g., egalitarian and complementarian), and key biblical texts.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 455 - Pauline Theology: RomansCredits 3

Study of Paul's theology and worldview as contained in the book of Romans, with special attention given to introductory and historical matters.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 458 - Theology of MissionCredits 3

Study of God's redemptive acts in Scripture on behalf of mankind, with application to the mission of the church today.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 109, BBST 251, BBST 254, BBST 306.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 465 - Integration SeminarCredits 3

Senior level capstone seminar in which the student will search the Bible and the literature dealing with the topic(s) under discussion in the course leading to the discovery of means whereby the subject area may be "integrated" with Biblical truth. The results of the research will be incorporated in a paper or project which will be critiqued by the seminar members and by the professor. Note(s): May be taken for a total of 6 credits counted toward graduation with different content.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 109, BBST 110, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Senior Class; and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 471 - The Apostolic FathersCredits 3

Students will read and discuss the earliest Christian documents composed after the apostolic age, spanning the years A.D. 95–160 (e.g., Aristides, Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Justin Martyr, Papias, Polycarp), with a focus upon compositional purpose, historical setting, theology, and connections with New Testament documents.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 110, BBST 251, BBST 254, BBST 301, BBST 312.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 475 - Puritan TheologyCredits 3

Traces the history of Protestant spiritual formation from Martin Luther and John Calvin to the English Puritans and acquaints students with the history, theology, and theological influences of relevant theologians. Emphasizes the doctrinal distinctives of the Puritan movement and includes reading primary sources from that era.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 103, BBST 105, BBST 251, BBST 254.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 480 - Directed ResearchCredits 1-3

Guided independent reading, research, problem-solving and preparation of a formal paper or project done in consultation with a selected professor. Note(s): May be taken for a total of 6 credits. Students may receive no more than a total of 6 credits counted towards graduation for 480 and 490 combined.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

BBST 481 - New Testament Use of the Old TestamentCredits 3

A consideration of the issues raised by the use of the OT in the NT. Special attention is given to the hermeneutical presuppositions and exegetical methods employed by the NT writers as they appropriate the OT scriptures, and to the theological implications that arise from their use.
Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: BBST 301, BBST 312; BLGR 101 and BLGR 102, or BLHE 101 and BLHE 102.
Restrictions: Must be Biblical & Theological Studies (BBLE); and Undergraduate Level.

BBST 490 - PracticumCredits 1-3

Supervised experience in teaching biblical studies. Includes course preparation, observation and evaluation. Note(s): May be taken for a total of 6 credits. Students may receive no more than a total of 6 credits counted towards graduation for 480 and 490 combined.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.