Liberal Studies, Elementary Education, B.A.

Mission

The mission of the Liberal Studies, Elementary Education major at Biola University is to equip Christian educators with depth and breadth of subject matter taught in PreK–12, preparing them with content knowledge in a broad range of subjects, including literacy, math, science, history, Bible, theology, visual and performing arts, physical education, and health.

Degree Program

A Bachelor of Arts degree in Liberal Studies, Elementary Education is offered upon completion of the University baccalaureate and major requirements.

Liberal Studies, Elementary Education Program Learning Outcomes

Upon the completion of the Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies, Elementary Education, students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate foundational knowledge and comprehension of subject matter content (ULO 1).
  2. Integrate personal faith with intellectual learning through incorporating subject matter knowledge with Christian beliefs (ULO 1, 2).
  3. Develop effective communication and collaboration skills (ULO 2, 3).
  4. Develop critical thinking skills by analyzing case studies, synthesizing information from multiple sources, making rational decisions, and critically examining ideas (ULO 1).
  5. Demonstrate strong social and personal traits and biblical worldview that reflect a strong spiritual commitment (ULO 2, 3).
  6. Integrate breadth and/or depth of knowledge in concentration-specific content and electives into philosophy of education (ULO 1).
  7. Identify and/or adapt evidence-based and promising practices that are culturally and linguistically competent (ULO 3).

Professional Teacher Preparation Program Learning Outcomes

Upon the completion of the Multiple Subject or Single Subject credential(s), students will be able to:

  1. Identify and articulate God's calling as Christian educators by reflecting on their spiritual journey and their educational preparation in a Biblically integrated essay, and demonstrate Christian attitudes and actions conducive to professional excellence and witness by maintaining high professional disposition marks in coursework and fieldwork (ULO 1, 2, and 3).
  2. Examine and analyze their students' cognitive, social, and physical growth through the gathering of student profile data, monitoring their progress, and providing constructive feedback to maximize students' optimum development (ULO 1).
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity in cross-cultural and special population educational settings in order to promote equity and justice as exhibited in differentiated learning plans, response to profile data, and high marks in professional dispositions throughout coursework and fieldwork experiences (ULO 1, 2, and 3).
  4. Design and implement appropriate adaptations to ensure the attainment of a productive learning environment for each student enrolled in candidates' classes by focused evaluation and reflection of each student's strengths and needs. Candidates will also utilize developmental and learning theories, as a foundation for professional decision-making and reflection by identifying student learning needs and making appropriate adaptations to ensure student learning (ULO 1 and 3).
  5. Design and implement developmentally appropriate lessons, by using the California state-adopted academic content and Common Core standards as a foundation for lessons that integrate aspects of God's natural revelation (ULO 1 and 3).
  6. Design and implement appropriate and effective learning strategies by designing grade and subject-specific lesson and unit plans (ULO 1 and 3).
  7. Design and practice strategies that foster a safe and equitable learning environment that encourages students to take intellectual risks by demonstrating their knowledge of a comprehensive classroom management plan (ULO 1 and 3).

Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.

Writing Competency

The writing competency requirement is embedded in LEDU 330.

GPA Requirement

A Liberal Studies, Elementary Education major must achieve and maintain a cumulative GPA of 2.75. Students who do not meet the required 2.75 cumulative GPA but meet the university's minimum cumulative 2.0 GPA will graduate as a Liberal Studies major only. 

Integration Seminar Requirement

Liberal Studies, Elementary Education majors must take the following course to meet their Bible Integration requirement: BBST 465 as "Christian Philosophy of Education."

Curriculum Requirements

Program-Specific Core Curriculum (GE) Courses
Science/Math:
Biological Principles: Lecture
Observational Biology Laboratory
Fundamentals of Mathematics for Elementary Teachers I
U.S. History:
United States History to 1865
Behavioral Science:
Introduction to Psychology
Fine Arts:
Select one of the following:
Art Appreciation
Theatre Appreciation
Music Appreciation
Philosophy:
Select one of the following:
Introduction to Logic
Introduction to Philosophy
Introduction to Ethics
Physical Education:
Select two physical education activities and
Elementary Physical Education Methods and Activities
Program Courses
ARTS 306Elementary Art Workshop3
HIST 109United States History Since 18653
HIST 403California History3
INCS 331Peoples of Ethnic America3
LEDU 301Introduction to Teaching3
LEDU 309Elementary Math/Science Methods2
LEDU 330Psychological Foundations of Education3
LEDU 335Child Development: Birth through Adolescence3
LEDU 336Elementary Health Curriculum and Methods1
LEDU 337Elementary History-Social Science Curriculum and Methods1
LEDU 341Methods of Teaching Linguistically Diverse Students3
LEDU 380Children's Literature3
LEDU 420Elementary Reading/Language Arts3
LEDU 431Elementary Curriculum3
LEDU 432Elementary Curriculum Fieldwork1
MATH 118Fundamentals of Mathematics for Elementary Teachers II3
MUSC 310Elementary Music Workshop2
PHSC 101Physical Science Survey: Lecture4
PHSC 102Physical Science Survey Laboratory1
Concentrations
In addition to the program courses, each student must complete a concentration, which consists of approved coursework in one of the following subject areas: Biology, Early Childhood, English, Human Development, Intercultural Studies, Mathematics, Physical Education, Spanish, Special Education, U.S. History or Visual Arts. Please see requirements listed below.12
In addition to the program and concentration courses, students must complete the Professional Teacher Preparation Program for a Multiple Subject Credential as detailed after Concentrations.
Total Credits60

Concentrations

Biology

Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following:12
Introduction to Environmental Science
Nutrition
Botany
Vertebrate Biology
Field Biology
Invertebrate Biology
Marine Biology
General Ecology
Topics in Advanced Biology
Ornithology
Total Credits12

Early Childhood

Prerequisite Courses
Introduction to Teaching
Child Development: Birth through Adolescence
Concentration Courses
LEDU 356Early Childhood Curriculum3
LEDU 357School/Family/Community Partnerships in Early Childhood Urban Settings3
LEDU 358Classroom Management in Early Childhood Settings3
LEDU 359Observation and Assessment of Young Children3
Total Credits12

English

Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following:12
Studies in Grammar and Language
Advanced Composition
Creative Writing: Poetry
Creative Writing: Fiction
Studies in American Literature
Studies in British Literature
Studies in Shakespeare
Total Credits12

Human Development

Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following:12
Psychology and Christian Thought
Human Sexuality
Psychology of Religious Experience
Psychology of Marriage
Cross-Cultural/Ethnic Issues in Psychology
Developmental Psychology: Lifespan
Psychology of Family
Total Credits12

Intercultural Studies

Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following:12
General Cultural Anthropology
Introduction to Language and Linguistics
Intercultural Adjustment
Peoples of the World
Intercultural Communication
World Religions
Grammar for English Teachers
Essentials of TESOL
Introduction to TESOL: Adult
Materials Evaluation and Preparation
Intercultural Communication for Teachers
Communicating Values Through TESOL
Practicum in TESOL I
Total Credits12

Mathematics

Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following, 3 of which must be upper-division:12
Precalculus Mathematics
Calculus for Management Sciences
Calculus I
Discrete Structures
Introduction to Abstract Math
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Linear Algebra
Introduction to Real Analysis I
Abstract Algebra I
Probability
Statistics
Classical Geometry
Number Theory and the History of Mathematics
Total Credits12

Physical Education

Concentration Courses
PEED 335Health Concepts3
Select 9 credits from the following:9
Foundations in Physical Education and Kinesiology
Psychology of Coaching Sport and Human Movement
Adapted Physical Education
Motor Learning
Sociology and Psychology in Physical Education and Sport
Leadership in Sport and Human Movement
Internship
Students may select two of the following:
Techniques of Teaching and Coaching Basketball
Techniques of Teaching and Coaching Soccer
Techniques of Teaching and Coaching Tennis
Techniques of Teaching and Coaching Volleyball
Total Credits12

Spanish

Concentration Courses
Select one of the following tracks:12
Second Language Learners
Spanish Language and Culture IV
Advanced Spanish Communication I
Advanced Spanish Communication II
Spanish Applied Linguistics and Teaching Pedagogy
Heritage Learners
Basic Spanish for the Heritage Learner
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners I
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners II
Spanish Applied Linguistics and Teaching Pedagogy
Total Credits12

Special Education

Prerequisite Courses
Introduction to Teaching
Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following:12
Issues in Special Education
Assessment and Evaluation of Exceptional Learners
Teaching Students with Mild Disabilities in Inclusive Settings
Behavior and Classroom Management for Students with Special Needs
Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorders
Total Credits12

U.S. History

Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following:12
The Colonial Period, American Revolution, 1607–1800
American Democracy, Civil War and Reconstruction, 1800–1877
The American Presidency
The Rise of Modern America, 1877–1920
The United States Since 1920
Survey of American Government
Total Credits12

Visual Arts

Concentration Courses
Select 12 credits from the following, 3 of which must be upper-division:12
Drawing I
Figure Studies I
Digital Tools
2-D Design
3-D Design
Sculpture I
Ceramics I
Painting I
Photography I-Introduction to Darkroom and Digital Processes
Ceramics II
Sculpture II
Photography II-Studies in Color
Total Credits12

Professional Teacher Preparation Program

Preliminary Credentials

The SB2042 Professional Teacher Preparation Programs are available for Multiple Subject and Single Subject Credentials and are accredited by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC) and the Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI).

Multiple Subject Credentials

The SB2042 Multiple Subject Credential authorizes instruction in any self-contained classroom for grades K–12, preschool, and classes organized primarily for adults, but is especially appropriate for grades K–6. This credential also includes authorization to teach English Language Learners in self-contained and core settings.

Undergraduate students interested in teaching in the elementary schools are advised to take the Liberal Studies, Elementary Education major, which includes the required teacher preparation and pedagogy courses.

However, a student from any major who wishes to teach elementary school may earn a teaching credential by successfully completing all required teacher preparation and pedagogy courses, as well as California Commission on Teacher Credentialing requirements. Students should regularly see advisors in their major as well as the School of Education.

Single Subject Credentials

The SB2042 Single Subject Credential authorizes instruction in the subjects listed on the credential in departmentalized classes at any grade level including preschool, grades K–12 and classes organized primarily for adults, but is especially appropriate for middle school and high school. This credential also includes authorization to teach English Language Learners within your content area. All students should regularly see advisors in their major as well as the School of Education.

Undergraduate students interested in teaching at the secondary level are advised to major in the subject area they wish to teach.

Teacher Preparation Requirements

Teacher Preparation Courses

All candidates for the Preliminary Multiple or Single Subject Teaching Credential must complete the following undergraduate teacher preparation courses in sequence. Courses must be passed with a grade of "B-" or higher and the overall GPA in the teacher preparation courses must be a 3.0 or higher:

LEDU 301Introduction to Teaching3
LEDU 330Psychological Foundations of Education3
LEDU 341Methods of Teaching Linguistically Diverse Students3
LEDU 420Elementary Reading/Language Arts3
or LEDU 425 Secondary Content Area Reading
Select one of the following:4
Elementary Curriculum
and Elementary Curriculum Fieldwork
Secondary Curriculum
and Secondary Curriculum Fieldwork
Elementary/Secondary Student Teaching I and II (12 credits) may be taken as a graduate student, and is not required for undergraduate graduation.
Elementary Student Teaching I
and Elementary Student Teaching II
Secondary Student Teaching I
and Secondary Student Teaching II
Total Credits16

Admission Application

Students who wish to complete the undergraduate Teacher Preparation Program must formally apply for admission to the Teacher Preparation Program during LEDU 301.

The student applicant must demonstrate a minimum cumulative 2.75 GPA (on a 4.0 grade scale). Students for whom English is not a primary language must have a TOEFL score of 100 iBT.

Taskstream Subscription

Candidates must have a paid subscription to Taskstream while taking teacher preparation courses, pedagogy courses, and student teaching.

Pedagogy Courses

In addition to the teacher preparation coursework, subject-specific pedagogy classes are required of each candidate. Pedagogy courses must be passed with a grade of "B-" or higher.

Secondary Candidates:
LEDU 433Single Subject Pedagogy2
Elementary Candidates:
LEDU 309Elementary Math/Science Methods2
LEDU 336Elementary Health Curriculum and Methods1
LEDU 337Elementary History-Social Science Curriculum and Methods1
LEDU 380Children's Literature3
ARTS 306Elementary Art Workshop3
MUSC 310Elementary Music Workshop2
PEED 201Elementary Physical Education Methods and Activities2
Total Credits16

Certificate of Clearance and Tuberculosis (TB) Test

Candidates must complete the application for a Certificate of Clearance prior to taking LEDU 301 course in order to participate in the required fieldwork sequence. Fees required.

Candidates must also submit valid TB tests results prior to taking LEDU 301 course and annually in order to participate in the required fieldwork sequence in the Teacher Preparation Program. Fees required.

Minimum Grades and GPA Requirements

All teaching credential candidates must maintain an overall cumulative 2.75 grade point average (GPA) in their major. A 3.0 cumulative GPA must be achieved in the teacher preparation course sequence and pedagogy courses. Students must receive a grade of "B-" or higher in all teacher preparation and pedagogy courses in order to be formally recommended for a Preliminary Teaching Credential.

Basic Skills Requirement

Candidates must take the California Basic Educational Skills Test (CBEST) or satisfy the basic skills requirement prior to acceptance to the program. Passage of CBEST or equivalent is required prior to applying for student teaching.

RICA Exam

Passage of the Reading Instruction Competence Assessment (RICA) exam is required for candidates earning a Preliminary Multiple Subject Teaching Credential. This requirement must be met prior to applying for a preliminary teaching credential.

Subject Matter Competency Requirement

Candidates must prove subject matter competency by completing an approved subject matter program or passing equivalent subject matter exams (CSET). These exams must be passed prior to applying for student teaching.

CalTPA and Portfolio Assessments

Candidates must meet or exceed the minimum standards for passing all four state-mandated California Teaching Performance Assessments (CalTPAs), and complete and successfully present their electronic portfolio.

Recommendation

Candidates must be recommended by the faculty of the School of Education as having all requisite professional qualities to be successful as a teacher.

Professional Dispositions and Competencies Evaluations

Candidates must demonstrate high performance in each Professional Dispositions and Competencies Evaluation for teacher preparation and pedagogy coursework in order to remain in the Teacher Preparation Program. Evidence of unaddressed concerns (scores of 1 or 2), or failing to meet a professional disposition may lead to dismissal.

Fieldwork Evaluation

Candidates must obtain good to excellent scores in each fieldwork evaluation for teacher preparation coursework, including student teaching.

U.S. Constitution Requirement

The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing requires that a teaching credential candidate must have completed a minimum 2-credit course that covers the U.S. Constitution or fulfill this requirement by examination.

Biola University students may complete this requirement by taking either HIST 108 or POSC 225 with a grade of "C" or better. Students receiving AP college credit for either HIST 108 or POSC 225 will also meet this requirement. Transfer coursework must be reviewed by a credential analyst in the School of Education. If an exam is required, a U.S. Constitution exam and study packet is available in Biola's School of Education. See advisor for details.

CPR

Candidates must show verification of current training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) — infant, child and adult — that meets the standards of either the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross CPR course when applying for the Preliminary Teaching Credential.

Advisor Contact

Candidates are required to meet regularly with an advisor in their major to ensure that all requirements are met.

Applying for a Credential

Credential candidates complete their student teaching the second semester of their senior year or the semester after they graduate with their bachelor's degree. After successfully completing student teaching and the associated requirements, candidates make an appointment with a credential analyst in the School of Education at Biola University and apply for the Preliminary Teaching Credential from the State of California's Commission on Teacher Credentialing.

The Professional Teacher Preparation Program leading to a California Teaching Credential at Biola University is subject to change in response to new legislation and for accreditation/reporting purposes. Please see a credential analyst for current information on completing the requirements for a teaching credential.

English Language Learner Authorization

Candidates who earn an SB2042 Multiple or Single Subject Preliminary Teaching Credential through the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing will be authorized to teach English Language Learners in their content area. This authorization provides teachers with the knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to effectively teach and guide students from culturally, linguistically and socio-economically diverse backgrounds.

Students interested in teaching English Language Learners at the adult level should consult with the Department of Applied Linguistics and TESOL in the Cook School of Intercultural Studies.

Teaching, ACSI Certificate

Application information may be obtained from the ACSI liaison in the School of Education Office. The credential program at Biola University meets the requirements for the Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI) Certificate. Requirements are identical to the California Preliminary Credential Program as well as:

Select 6 credits of Bible courses6
Select one of the following:3
Integration Seminar (taken as "Christian Philosophy of Education")
Selected Readings and Topics (taken as "Philosophy of Education")
Philosophy and Values in Schools and Society
Total Credits9