# Mathematics, B.S.

## Mission

A Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics provides a strong foundational core for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in pure or applied mathematics; to pursue a career in applied mathematics (e.g., statistics, computer science, operations research, and actuarial mathematics) immediately after obtaining a B.S.; or to teach mathematics in middle school and high school. The courses taken to satisfy the degree requirements are taught viewing mathematics as part of God's creation, and there is a concentrated effort to integrate faith and learning.

## Degree Program

A Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics is offered upon completion of the University baccalaureate and the mathematics major in one of the concentrations. All mathematics concentrations must include 24 upper-division credits.

## Program Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, students will be able to:

- Demonstrate the abilities to think abstractly, problem solve, and prove theorems (ULO 1).
- Demonstrate the abilities to problem solve, apply mathematical theory to practical situations, and use math-related technology (ULO 1).
- Develop mathematical content mastery, according to their concentration, for graduate work, high school teaching, or employment in industry (ULO 1).
- Develop a pattern of personal integrity and the ability to articulate the implications of a biblical worldview concerning mathematics (ULO 2 and 3).
- After diverse interactions with faculty and students, the student should exhibit the abilities to problem-solve in groups, and successfully communicate mathematical ideas (ULO 1).

Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.

## Curriculum Requirements

Code | Title | Credits |
---|---|---|

Program-Specific Core Curriculum (GE) Courses | ||

The Core Curriculum (GE) requirement for a foreign language for those following a mathematics major may be met by two years of high school language or the first 4 credits of a college language. Core Curriculum requirements for B.S. students: 3 credits in math (met by Math majors), 3 credits in science, 3 credits in fine arts, and 3 credits in history. | ||

Program Courses | ||

Students earning a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics must complete the mathematics program courses and one of the concentrations. | ||

MATH 105 | Calculus I | 4 |

MATH 106 | Calculus II | 4 |

MATH 204 | Introduction to Abstract Math | 3 |

MATH 205 | Calculus III | 4 |

MATH 291 | Linear Algebra | 3 |

MATH 305 | Introduction to Real Analysis I | 3 |

MATH 315 | Abstract Algebra I | 3 |

MATH 370 | Readings in Mathematics ^{1} | 2 |

CSCI 105 | Introduction to Computer Science | 3 |

Students who plan to pursue graduate studies should take at least two of the following courses regardless of the area of concentration: | ||

Introduction to Real Analysis II | ||

Abstract Algebra II | ||

Research Seminar | ||

Total Credits | 29 |

^{1} | MATH 370 must be taken twice (2 credits total). |

## Concentrations

### Actuarial Science (62 Credits)

Students who wish to pursue actuarial science, business analytics, or related fields should choose this concentration.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following:

Code | Title | Credits |
---|---|---|

Concentration Courses | ||

BUSN 201 | Principles of Macroeconomics | 3 |

BUSN 202 | Principles of Microeconomics | 3 |

BUSN 211 | Principles of Accounting I | 3 |

BUSN 212 | Principles of Accounting II | 3 |

BUSN 370 | Business Finance | 3 |

MATH 190 | Business Statistics | 3 |

MATH 331 | Probability | 3 |

MATH 332 | Statistics | 3 |

MATH 333 | Operations Research | 3 |

MATH 335 | Ordinary Differential Equations | 3 |

Select one course (3 credits) at the 300 or 400 level in Math | 3 | |

Total Credits | 33 |

### Pure Mathematics (47 Credits)

This concentration allows the student flexibility in the selection of upper-division courses. A faculty advisor will aid the student in making these choices. Students planning to pursue mathematics in graduate school will find this concentration particularly appropriate.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following:

Code | Title | Credits |
---|---|---|

Concentration Courses | ||

Select 6 courses at the 300 or 400 level in Math | 18 | |

Total Credits | 18 |

### Applied Mathematics (47 Credits)

Students who are interested in preparing for careers in business or industry should choose this concentration. Courses introduce a variety of areas of applied mathematics.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following.

Code | Title | Credits |
---|---|---|

Concentration Courses | ||

MATH 321 | Numerical Analysis | 3 |

MATH 331 | Probability | 3 |

MATH 332 | Statistics | 3 |

MATH 333 | Operations Research | 3 |

MATH 335 | Ordinary Differential Equations | 3 |

or MATH 440 | Complex Variables | |

Select one course at the 300 or 400 level in Math | 3 | |

Total Credits | 18 |

### Computer Science (53 Credits)

This concentration allows a mathematics major the opportunity to focus on the more mathematical aspects of computer science.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following.

Code | Title | Credits |
---|---|---|

Concentration Courses | ||

Select at least two courses from the following: | 6 | |

Numerical Analysis | ||

Probability | ||

Statistics | ||

Operations Research | ||

The following courses are also required: | ||

CSCI 106 | Data Structures | 3 |

CSCI 220 | Computer Organization and Assembly Language Programming | 3 |

CSCI 400 | Theory of Algorithms | 3 |

Select three courses at the 300 or 400 level in Math or Computer Science | 9 | |

Total Credits | 24 |

### Mathematics: Secondary Instruction

Students who wish to prepare to teach mathematics at the secondary level should select this concentration to work toward a preliminary single-subject credential.

The Professional Teacher Preparation Program leading to a California Teaching Credential at Biola University is subject to change in response to new legislation. Please see a credential analyst in the School of Education for current information on completing the requirements for a teaching credential. Students must consult with both their major advisor and a School of Education advisor.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following.

Code | Title | Credits |
---|---|---|

Concentration-Specific Core Curriculum (GE) Course | ||

Behavioral Science | ||

Introduction to Psychology | ||

Concentration Courses | ||

MATH 331 | Probability | 3 |

MATH 341 | Classical Geometry | 3 |

MATH 415 | Number Theory and the History of Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 318 | Biostatistics | 3 |

or MATH 332 | Statistics | |

Select two courses at the 300 or 400 level in Math | 6 | |

Education Courses | ||

LEDU 301 | Introduction to Teaching | 3 |

LEDU 330 | Psychological Foundations of Education | 3 |

LEDU 341 | Methods of Teaching Linguistically Diverse Students | 3 |

LEDU 425 | Secondary Content Area Reading | 3 |

LEDU 433 | Single Subject Pedagogy | 2 |

LEDU 438 | Secondary Curriculum, Differentiation, and Assessment | 3 |

Student teaching (12 credits) may be completed at the graduate level and is not required for undergraduate graduation: | ||

Secondary Student Teaching I | ||

Secondary Student Teaching II | ||

Total Credits | 35 |