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Intercultural Studies, Ph.D.
The purpose of the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the Cook School of Intercultural Studies (CSICS) is to equip scholars to be competent in research, writing, and reflective action from a holistically integrated Christian worldview in order to contribute to new understandings of cross-cultural and multicultural issues. The program prepares graduates for roles in higher education, cross-cultural leadership, and intercultural praxis.
Program Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of the Doctor of Philosophy in Intercultural Studies, students will be able to:
- Articulate relevant anthropological, historical, and theological understandings and identify relevant scholars' current and seminal works relevant to intercultural studies (ULO 1).
- Demonstrate a mastery of important theoretical constructs in intercultural studies associated with their research area (ULO 1).
- Discuss and analyze the integration of one's faith commitments, theological understandings within the discipline of intercultural studies (ULO 1 and 2).
- Evaluate the research of other students and scholars in the field of intercultural studies (ULO 1).
- Synthesize theoretical understandings in intercultural studies and apply them to a new cross-cultural and/or multicultural context (ULO 1).
- Generate new understandings and explanations (e.g., theoretical constructs) and apply them to the improvement of vocational involvement in cross-cultural and/or multicultural contexts (ULO 1).
- Employ cross-cultural communication skills through presentations to facilitate learning in diverse contexts (ULO 3).
- Engage in and publish independent research in intercultural studies (ULO 3).
- Exemplify in scholarly writing "servant scholarship" (i.e., rigorous scholarship accompanied by Christ-like humility) (ULO 2).
Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.
The Cook School of Intercultural Studies offers two Ph.D. degrees. The Ph.D. in Intercultural Education, and the Ph.D. in Intercultural Studies. Each program requires a minimum of 60 credits past the appropriate master's degree, including a minimum of 48 semester hours of coursework and a maximum of 12 semester hours of dissertation research.
The Ph.D. programs include five foundational courses (13 credits), four specialized courses (12 credits), three electives or tutorials (9 credits), three Bible/theology courses (9 credits), and two research methods courses (6 credits). The dissertation portion of the program includes two taught courses (6 credits) and allows students to devote up to 5 additional dissertation credits to independent research and writing. There is wide latitude for students to pursue their individual interests in elective courses (or tutorials) and ultimately in research for their doctoral dissertations.
If a student has completed a master's degree, which does not contain the background necessary for the Ph.D. program, the total program will be longer than 60 credits, as determined by the program director. If a student enters the Ph.D. program having completed a graduate degree in a field similar to intercultural studies and has been involved in extensive experience work they may be eligible to receive up to 9 competency credits toward the Foundational Core classes. Additionally, students with advanced work in Bible and theology may also be eligible for up to 9 credits of Bible/theology reductions for work completed as part of a D.Min. or D.Miss. degree, and up to 6 credits of reduction for students with a Th.M. degree. Requests for course reductions from other students with extensive coursework in Bible and theology will be considered on a case by case basis and will not normally exceed 6 credits of course reductions. At the recommendation of the Ph.D. academic advisor and with the approval of the doctoral studies committee, students with a previous doctoral degree may be granted course reductions of up to 24 credits but must complete at least 36 additional credits at Biola University, of which 24 credits must be new coursework and up to 12 credits may be devoted to dissertation research and writing. A faculty advisor will guide students in planning a program of study that serves their vocational aspirations. The degree offers a concentration in either intercultural or multicultural education. Students are expected to choose the concentration most appropriate to their research interest.
Time Limit for Degree Completion
All course and academic requirements for the Ph.D. degree should be completed within seven years, beginning on the date of the student's first registration. Petitions for extension beyond seven years will be considered on a case-by-case basis for students. At times students may need to interrupt their programs for a semester or more for a variety of personal or work-related reasons. This may be done with the consent of their respective Ph.D. Program Director. Students must be continuously enrolled unless on an official Leave of Absence. Students who fail to register in any given semester without a Leave of Absence will be dropped from their respective doctoral program. Also, students on Leave of Absence beyond two consecutive semesters must reapply to their respective doctoral program.
Withdrawal and Re-Admission Procedures
A student who must drop out of school must go through the formal withdrawal process. To return to active status the student should contact the program director and file a readmission form with the Office of Admissions.
Leave of Absence
Inactive students are those who have requested and been granted Leave of Absence from the program. A Leave of Absence may be granted upon petition for change of status if there is deemed sufficient reason for interrupting the program and intention to return to the program.
A Leave of Absence must be renewed by petition each semester and may not exceed two consecutive semesters. A Leave of Absence longer than two semesters will require withdrawal from the program and a petition for readmission if the student later wishes to regain active status. Each leave of absence must receive the approval of the student's program advisor and the Dean of the school. Students on leave are required to register for ISCL 893 Leave of Absence each term.
A Leave of Absence may be granted upon petition for change of status if there is deemed sufficient reason for interrupting the program and intention to return to the program. Inactive students are those who have requested and been granted Leave of Absence from the program. A Leave of Absence must be renewed by petition each semester and may not exceed two consecutive semesters. A Leave of Absence longer than two semesters will require withdrawal from the program and a petition for readmission if the student later wishes to regain active status. Each Leave of Absence must receive the approval of the Program Advisor and the Dean of CSICS. Students on leave are required to register for ISCL 893 Leave of Absence each term.
CSICS has chosen to utilize a Portfolio Assessment System for its Ph.D. programs. This system is designed as a means to help monitor student progress toward one's development as a scholar. A variety of course materials will be collected periodically throughout the duration of the doctoral program. For further information, please consult the current Doctoral Programs Handbook.
Doctoral students are required to demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of their field of study by examination. The content of the written qualifying exam includes material from the core areas of the curriculum and the student's particular specialization. These exams are normally taken at the conclusion of all the coursework.
Admission to Candidacy
Official Ph.D. candidacy indicates that students have completed all of the preliminary requirements and are now qualified to undertake original research contributing to scholarship in their respective fields through their doctoral dissertations.
To achieve candidacy, students must successfully complete the following:
- Required coursework and the Graduation Procedures Check (or grad check);
- Portfolio, approved by the doctoral committee;
- Qualifying examinations; and
- Defense of the dissertation proposal.
It is the responsibility of students to contact their advisors in order to ensure all candidacy requirements have been met. Upon completion of the requirements, students will be notified of their acceptance to candidacy. Candidates will select a chairperson from the graduate faculty to guide their dissertation research. Upon achieving candidacy, students may implement their proposed research plans under the supervision of the approved doctoral chairperson.
Students enrolled in ISCL 890 or ISCL 891 are considered full-time students. During the dissertation phase, doctoral students are considered full time for a maximum of four semesters. If doctoral candidates have not defended their dissertations by the time all required dissertation credits are completed, they must enroll continuously in ISCL 890 for 0 credits each semester until the successful defense of the dissertation. This enrollment carries no academic credit but maintains the students' continuous registration.
Students who fail to achieve candidacy may be offered a terminal M.A. degree and dropped from the Ph.D. program.
The dissertation process officially begins with the successful defense of a candidate's proposal before one's doctoral committee prior to beginning the student's field research.
The doctoral dissertation contributes to theory relevant to the candidate's concentration and conducted in some aspect of intercultural studies.
The final examination is an oral defense of the dissertation before the doctoral committee and other invited professionals. Successful defense of the dissertation completes the candidate's responsibilities for the degree, which is conferred in the scheduled graduation ceremony immediately following the defense.
All students must present an acceptable dissertation, have satisfactorily passed their qualifying exam and completed all required course work with a minimum 3.3 GPA to qualify for graduation. Students must meet with their department advisor and contact a Graduate Graduation Counselor in the Office of the Registrar one year prior to graduation to declare intent to graduate. (See Graduate Graduation Check description in Admissions, Registration & Graduation Requirements section).
CSICS Ph.D. students taking coursework at Biola's CSICS extension centers must take at least 50% (usually 24 credits) of the coursework at Biola's main campus.
Program Specific Objectives
The Ph.D. in Intercultural Studies allows the student to engage in the study of issues and processes associated with cultural change, culture contact and transformation. This track equips graduates to critically analyze the practice and theory of intercultural and crosscultural programs and processes that have contributed to contemporary globalization trends.
Ph.D. in Intercultural Studies
Prerequisites: M.A. degree with a strong emphasis in intercultural studies, the social sciences or a related field. Minimum of 3 years of cross-cultural experience.
|ISAN 761||Culture and Transformation||3|
|ISCL 700||Orientation to Graduate Intercultural Studies||1|
|ISCL 709||Intercultural Communication||3|
|Select two courses from the following:||6|
|History of the World Christian Movement|
|Curriculum Design for Intercultural Contexts|
|Intercultural Research Core Courses|
|ISAN 751||Social Anthropology||3|
|ISCL 801||Method and Theory in Cross-Cultural Studies||3|
|ISCL 852||Contemporary Issues in Cognitive Anthropology and Worldview Studies||3|
|ISCL 853||Theoretical Issues in Cross-Cultural Engagement||3|
|A total of 9 credits must be taken in:|
|Education/ICS electives or Tutorial||3|
|ISCL 803||Qualitative Research||3|
|ISCL 879||Research Design||3|
|Students may select Bible/Theology courses from a wide range of courses taught by the faculty at Talbot School of Theology or from among the theological integration courses offered by qualified faculty within the Cook School of Intercultural Studies. Students with no formal biblical/theological training prior to entering the program must have the selection approved by the program director.||9|
|ISCL 872||Foundations of Doctoral Research||3|
|ISCL 890||Ph.D. Dissertation Field Research||5|
|ISCL 891||Ph.D. Dissertation Proposal||3|