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English has become the most widely used language in the world today, particularly in the areas of science, commerce and education. Tens of thousands of students in developing countries are taught English in school. Thousands more study English in order to pursue careers or educational programs demanding English language skills. Refugees and immigrants to the United States desire English to survive and to establish themselves in their new homeland. There is thus a considerable demand for qualified teachers of English both here and abroad.
To help meet the need for trained Christian teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) or English as a Foreign Language (EFL), the Department of TESOL and Applied Linguistics offers two regular programs in TESOL: a Graduate Certificate in TESOL and an M.A. in TESOL. The programs are academically rigorous; yet focus on the practical aspects of teaching in a variety of settings. The department also seeks to serve teachers desiring to continue their professional advancement or upgrade their qualifications, and non-degree students interested in gaining basic teaching or tutoring skills, by offering a variety of separate courses, from introductory to advanced.
The M.A. in TESOL encompasses the goal of the certificate program plus the additional goal of broader academic training. Teachers are equipped for work in and beyond the classroom in administration, training, course design, etc.
The focus of the TESOL programs is post-secondary and adult education. Those interested in K–12 ESL in U.S. schools should consult with the School of Education.
The M.A. in TESOL is offered both on-campus and online.
Program Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of the Master of Arts in TESOL, students will be able to:
- Identify concepts pertaining to the English language system and related theory and practice in language learning and teaching (ULO 1).
- Analyze, evaluate, and apply research in English language teaching (ULO 1).
- Examine and resolve real-life learning and teaching situations in light of best practices in TESOL (ULO 1).
- Recognize the effects of various personal, linguistic, and sociocultural factors on learning processes and formulate pedagogical responses in accordance with biblical and ethical standards (ULO 2).
- Devise a plan to be a life-long, global-minded Christian professional language educator (ULO 2).
- Search for, select, and/or create lessons, materials, and tasks for effective learning (ULO 3).
- Demonstrate the ability to adapt instruction to learner needs and cultural contexts (ULO 3).
Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.
Applicants must have completed all bachelors requirements prior to the start of the program and must have a bachelors degree with a 3.0 (on a 4.0 scale) grade point average conferred from a regionally accredited institution prior to the start of the second term. Applicants must submit a written statement outlining their vocational objectives and how the degree will relate to those objectives; a one-page typed letter should be appended to the application. Three letters of reference on forms supplied by Biola are required, as are official transcripts of previous schools attended. Applicants for whom English is not a primary language must demonstrate both spoken and written proficiency in English through an oral interview with an admissions counselor or faculty member and through submission of an internationally recognized standardized test of English (taken within the last two years). A TOEFL score of 100 iBT is normally required. The essay score should be at least 5.5. Alternatively, an IELTS score of 7.0 (no less than 6.0 in any element) is required. Applicants to the online MA must either have teaching experience, have completed ISTE 501, or have faculty approval.
Students are required to have 9 foundational credits as noted below. Students entering the program without the stated foundational credits may take them concurrently with regular program courses, normally completing them by the end of the first year.
Because teachers and applied linguists are expected to have a high degree of competence in written English, all new graduate students, both primary and secondary English speakers, are required to take the department's Writing Proficiency Exam. If the results indicate that the student needs additional work in grammar and composition to perform at the level expected for these fields, he or she will be directed to take a writing course in the English Language Learner program or do independent supplementary work on writing.
The TESOL graduate programs require 9 credits of foundational work in language, culture, and Bible. Beyond the foundational credits, the Graduate Certificate in TESOL requires 16 credits of prescribed course work, and the Master of Arts in TESOL requires 32 credits. A portfolio is required as a culmination for the Master of Arts in TESOL.
The Master of Arts program requirements may be reduced for students with appropriate background course work, but the minimum number of graduate credits required is at least 32, 24 of which must be taken through Biola University.
Students must successfully complete all required coursework with a minimum grade point average of 3.0 to qualify for graduation. No ALT course with a grade less than a "B" (3.0) will be counted for the Master of Arts.
The program is usually completed within two years by full-time students. Part-time students may have up to seven years for the M.A. degrees.
All students must meet with their department advisor and Graduate Graduation Counselor in the Office of the Registrar one year prior to graduation to declare intent to graduate. (See Graduate Graduation Check description in the Admission, Enrollment and Graduation Requirements section).
|ISAL 520||Introduction to Language and Linguistics||3|
|ISTE 541||Intercultural Communication for Teachers||3|
|ISTE 509||Structure of English||3|
|ISTE 525||Introduction to TESOL—Adult||3|
|ISTE 527||Materials Evaluation and Preparation||3|
|ISTE 560||Communicating Values Through TESOL||1|
|ISTE 614||Second Language Acquisition||3|
|ISTE 621||Classroom Research in TESOL||3|
|ISTE 632||Language Testing and Assessment||3|
|ISTE 692||Practicum in TESOL II||3|
|ISTE or ISAL Electives||6|
|Bible or World Perspective Elective||3|