CSAP: Christian Apologetics Courses

CSAP 510 - Apologetics Research and WritingCredit 1

Research skills for the use of library, internet and key apologetics reference works. Methods of scholarly and journalistic writing with emphasis on critical thinking, persuasion and evaluation of data and testimony. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Must be taken within student's first academic year. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 521 - Survey of Genesis–MalachiCredits 3

A broad survey of the Old Testament books, including selected introductory and critical issues, relevant background, major themes and divisions and crucial problems. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.
Fee: CSAP 521 MD (distance learning) has a materials fee of $45.

CSAP 522 - Survey of Matthew–RevelationCredits 3

A general overview of the New Testament books, including selected introductory and critical issues, relevant background, major themes and divisions and crucial problems. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.
Fee: CSAP 522 MD (distance learning) has a materials fee of $45.

CSAP 527 - Hermeneutics and Bible Study MethodsCredits 3

A study of sound interpretation and application of the Bible, including analysis of presuppositions, general rules and specialized principles for various biblical genre and phenomena. A presentation of various approaches to studying the Bible. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 529 - Scripture: Authority, Canon and CriticismCredits 1-2

A course addressing the essential issues in defending the Scriptures against perennial attacks. Topics include historical reliability, inerrancy, canonization and divine inspiration of Scripture including an examination and critique of modern biblical criticism. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 541 - Essential Christian Doctrine ICredits 1-2

A presentation and biblical defense of the essential Christian doctrines with special reference to contemporary criticism of the value and truth of doctrinal assertions. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 542 - Essential Christian Doctrine IICredits 1-2

A presentation and biblical defense of the essential Christian doctrines with special reference to contemporary criticism of the value and truth of doctrinal assertions. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 550 - Historical TheologyCredits 3

History of the Church from the Apostolic Fathers to the modern era with an emphasis on the development of doctrine. Highlights key thinkers in the Patristic, Medieval, Reformation and Modern eras. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.
Fee: CSAP 550 MD (distance learning) has a materials fee of $45.

CSAP 551 - Patristic and Medieval TheologyCredits 3

History of the church from the Apostolic Fathers to the eve of the Reformation with an emphasis on the development of doctrine. Discussion of key thinkers, such as Origen, Tertullian, Augustine, Anselm, Aquinas and Scotus. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 552 - Reformation and Modern TheologyCredits 3

History of the church from the Reformation to the present with an emphasis on the key Continental and English Reformers, including Zwingli, Luther and Calvin. Discussion of the counter-Reformation, Protestant scholasticism, the Enlightenment and important theological developments in the Modern era. Opportunity is given for students to study the polity and history of their own denomination. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 601 - Defending the Faith ICredits 2

Defending the Faith courses area series of coordinated lectures by experts in various areas of apologetics addressing some of the most serious intellectual challenges to the Gospel and the Christian worldview. Notes: CSAP 601, CSAP 602 and CSAP 603 do not need to be taken in sequence. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.
Fee: CSAP 601 MD (distance learning) has a materials fee of $125.

CSAP 602 - Defending the Faith IICredits 2

Defending the Faith courses are a series of coordinated lectures by experts in various areas of apologetics addressing some of the most serious intellectual challenges to the Gospel and the Christian worldview. Notes: CSAP 601, CSAP 602 and CSAP 603 do not need to be taken in sequence. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.
Fee: CSAP 602 MD (distance learning) has a materials fee of $125.

CSAP 603 - Defending the Faith IIICredits 2

Defending the Faith courses are a series of coordinated lectures by experts in various areas of apologetics addressing some of the most serious intellectual challenges to the Gospel and the Christian worldview. Notes: CSAP 601, CSAP 602 and CSAP 603 do not need to be taken in sequence. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.
Fee: CSAP 603 MD (distance learning) has a materials fee of $125.

CSAP 604 - Defending the Faith: Continuing StudyCredits 1-6

A special course designed for students with apologetics background through credit and/or noncredit courses in the basic content of 601, 602, 603 or approved courses, who need to make up credits upon being admitted to the degree program. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Organizational Leadership (CSOL), Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 610 - Elementary Principles of Biblical LanguagesCredits 3

Basic principles of language that are foundational to interpreting the biblical text. Overview of the structure of the biblical languages, evaluation of theories of Bible translation and instruction in the use of various tools based on the original languages. The course will aid the student in understanding issues that arise in interpretation because of the original languages. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 611 - Beginning Greek ICredits 2

An introductory study of the basic elements of New Testament Greek. Notes: Designed for students who have not completed a full sequence of beginning Greek courses. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 612 - Beginning Greek IICredits 2

An introductory study of the basic elements of New Testament Greek. Translation of portions of the New Testament. Notes: Designed for students who have not completed a full sequence of beginning Greek courses. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 619 - Biblical ArchaeologyCredits 2

An introduction to the science of archaeology in biblical lands. Special emphasis is given to the role that specific archaeological exploration has played in providing objective confirmation of the accuracy of the biblical narrative. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 621 - Logic and Critical ThinkingCredits 1-2

A study of the methods and principles used to make distinctions between good and bad reasoning with special emphasis on analysis of arguments for and against the Christian faith. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 623 - Worldview AnalysisCredits 1-2

A survey that includes a philosophical and theological analysis of the major types of non-Christian worldviews such as pantheism, atheism, polytheism, finite godism and deism. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 625 - Philosophy of ReligionCredits 1-2

A survey of philosophical issues that arise in relation to theistic religions. Problems such as the existence of God, the problem of evil, miracles, religious language, faith and reason, etc. are discussed in the context of demonstrating that historic Christianity can provide reasonable solutions. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 626 - EthicsCredits 1-2

A philosophical and theological evaluation of various ethical systems and key historical figures in ethics in order to understand and effectively engage with contemporary ethical views and mindsets. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 627 - BioethicsCredits 1-2

A survey of and Christian apologetic response to some of the most critical ethical issues of the day coming from biomedical research and practice. The course addresses the difficult questions involved in areas such as human reproduction, cloning, abortion, end-of-life issues, organ transplant, genetic engineering, euthanasia and more. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 628 - Why God Allows EvilCredits 1-2

An integrated survey of the problem of evil, pain, and suffering from biblical, theological and philosophical perspectives with special reference to God's ultimate goodness and love toward humankind. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 629 - Scientific ApologeticsCredits 1-2

A survey of the issues and ideas involved in the relationship between science, philosophy and the biblical worldview. Special emphasis is given to scientific issues and controversies that are used by skeptics to call Christianity into question. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 632 - A History of Christian ApologeticsCredits 2

A survey of apologists and apologetic activity from the time of the apostles and the early Church Fathers to the great apologists of our own century. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 636 - Modern Apologetics: Theory and MethodCredits 2

A study and evaluation of the various modern approaches to the apologetic task (e.g., evidentialism, presuppositionalism and combinationalism) and religious epistemology, with constant reference to the theological underpinnings and the nature and value of Christian apologetics inside and outside the church. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 638 - Spiritual Formation and the Life of the MindCredits 2

A course designed to enhance the personal spiritual development of the apologist. Special emphasis is given to the importance of defending the faith with humility and reverence, as well as defining the role of apologetics in the overall mission of the Church. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 641 - Contemporary Theology: Survey and CritiqueCredits 2

A survey of contemporary theological trends with special emphasis on apologetic critique of the unorthodox elements in positions such as process, liberation/political, feminist/goddess, gay/lesbian, environmental, racial/ethnic and postmodern theologies. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 643 - Cultural ApologeticsCredits 1-2

A study of the ways in which the truths of the Gospel and the Christian worldview are reflected in elite and popular cultural products such as art, literature, film, music and television. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 645 - Christian Faith in the Public SquareCredits 1-3

An exploration of the proper model for Christian involvement in public discourse, policy and activity. Attention is given to the intelligent analysis and critique of key social issues with respect to the Christian worldview and techniques for the defense of the Christian position in public forums. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 651 - Comparative ReligionsCredits 2-3

A survey of the beliefs, practices and sacred texts of the major non-Christian religious traditions of the East and West. Special attention is given to the critique of the various belief systems along with ways in which Christians can effectively communicate and defend the Gospel to people of other faiths. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 653 - Cults of AmericaCredits 1-3

The distinctive features of the cults of America with their significance in the development of religious thought. Special attention is paid to their mistreatment of the central features of orthodox Christian doctrine and apologetic responses. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 655 - Mormonism: Doctrine and HistoryCredits 2

A survey of the doctrine and history of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1820 to the present. Emphasizes Joseph Smith, Jr., the beginning of the church, Mormon doctrinal development and change and a critique and response vis-à-vis the Bible and the original Gospel of Jesus Christ. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 656 - The OccultCredits 2-3

An overview of and Christian response to a range of occult ideas and practices. Topics include divination, ritual magic, sorcery, spiritism, witchcraft, Satanism, as well as occult elements in various New Age beliefs and practices. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 680 - Special Topics in Christian ApologeticsCredits 1-3

The program occasionally offers courses by special lecturers or visiting scholars to address their areas of expertise on an elective basis. Notes: May be taken for a total of 16 credits. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 691 - Seminar: In Defense of the ResurrectionCredits 1-2

An investigation of a wide range of issues that have been used through history to call into question the bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ, such as miracles, the nature of history, the historical reliability of the New Testament, contradictions in the resurrection accounts, and various naturalistic theories. Students will learn to respond to popular objections to the resurrection as well as formulate a positive case. Notes: Required of M.A.C.A. students. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s). Special approval required for Modular Fall credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 693 - C.S. Lewis SeminarCredits 2

A reading and discussion course covering the breadth of Lewis' work as one of the premier apologists of the 20th Century. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 694 - Seminar: Selected TopicsCredits 1-3

The program occasionally offers seminar courses by special lecturers or visiting scholars to address their areas of expertise on an elective basis. Notes: May be taken for a total of 16 credits. Grade Mode: A.
Prerequisites: Modular Spring (MS) credit must be taken before Modular Fall (MF) credit(s).
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 695 - Directed StudyCredits 1-4

Supervised research and/or reading in selected areas of Christian apologetics. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 697 - Apologetics ProjectCredits 1-4

A student-proposed project related to the defense of the Christian faith that may involve teaching, writing, research, debating, video/audio productions, etc. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 698 - Apologetics InternshipCredits 1-4

An approved internship with an apologetics organization or an apologetics-related ministry. Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Science and Religion (CSSR) or Christian Apologetics (CSCP); and Graduate Level or Doctoral Level.

CSAP 699 - Apologetics ThesisCredits 2

Original research and writing in an applicable apologetics topic. Subject, length, and due dates to be determined by the coordinating professor. Second reader provided. Notes: May be taken multiple times for credit. Grade Mode: C.
Restrictions: Must not be Doctoral Level or Graduate Level.
Fee: $200.