Spanish, B.A.

Mission

The mission of the Spanish Program is to prepare students for life, work, service and scholarship in Spanish speaking communities within the U.S. and abroad. We seek to guide students to develop holistic, integrative reasoning as the foundation for service to others, work in the professions and further academic study in Spanish.

Degree Program

A Bachelor of Arts degree in Spanish is conferred upon the completion of the University baccalaureate and major requirements. The Spanish major requires the completion of a minimum of 30 credits beyond SPAN 201, 24 of which must be upper-division. A minimum grade of "C" is required for any course to be counted toward the major.

All Spanish majors (except for those pursuing a professional or secondary instruction concentration) will be required to take either SPAN 334SPAN 335SPAN 485 and/or complete an approved study abroad program. See the Department of Modern Languages for more information.

Program Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the Bachelor of Arts in Spanish, students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate the acquisition of advanced cognitive and linguistic knowledge (ULO 1).
  2. Formulate questions about cultural and linguistic difference and critically evaluate other cultures in relation to themselves (ULO 1).
  3. Interact effectively in a cross-cultural context, whether local or global, while exhibiting humility in relation to other cultures and languages (ULO 2).
  4. Integrate Christian faith into cross-cultural interactions in the target language (ULO 2).
  5. Communicate orally at advanced target language proficiency by engaging in conversation in a clearly participatory manner (ULO 3).
  6. Demonstrate advanced proficiency in the written language by reading and interacting with texts across a range of genres and topics and writing formal and informal correspondence, narratives, descriptions, and analyses, all in the target language (ULO 3).

Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.

Admission Requirements

All students intending to minor or major in Spanish must:

  1. Place into the correct level by department assessment or successfully complete the prerequisite coursework in order to start the program. All students must pass the previous course with a grade of "B-" or higher, or obtain a satisfactory score on a normed placement exam given by the department, in order to proceed with the major or minor. Students with AP Spanish Language scores of 4 or higher will be given 4 credits for SPAN 200 but will need to take the placement test to determine the appropriate entry course. Students with AP Spanish Literature scores of 4 or higher will be given 4 credits for SPAN 351 but will need to take the placement test to determine the appropriate entry course.
  2. File an application with the Department of Modern Languages and complete an interview with a faculty member.

Program Courses

Students desiring to minor in Spanish are strongly encouraged to begin during their freshman and sophomore years. Placement in Spanish classes will be based on a mandatory department assessment. Students entering the program with less than two years of high school Spanish or one semester of college Spanish will automatically be placed in the first course, either SPAN 100 or SPAN 215. Students who do not maintain continuous enrollment must be retested and placed accordingly. Advancement from one course in the lower-division sequence to the next will require demonstration of proficiency.

The Spanish major and minor allow students to proceed through two course tracks, one for second language learners of Spanish and the other for heritage learners of Spanish. A student’s progression through the program relies heavily on the sequencing of courses; therefore, it is important that students work closely with the Spanish program advisors. Students whose level of language places them into the 300-level of courses may substitute higher level courses for required courses at the 200-level with the permission of the Department of Modern Languages.

Curriculum Requirements

A Generalist in Spanish must complete 30 credits as detailed below. Students may substitute alternate upper-level courses with permission of the department. All Generalists must complete either SPAN 334SPAN 335SPAN 485 or complete an approved study abroad program.

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Integration Seminar (taken as "Contemporary Hispanic Studies")
Program Courses
Students will be placed into one of the following tracks:12
Second Language Learners
Spanish Language and Culture IV
Advanced Spanish Communication I
Advanced Spanish Communication II
Heritage Learners
Basic Spanish for the Heritage Learner
Basic Spanish for Heritage Learners IA
and Basic Spanish for Heritage Learners IB
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners I
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners II
All students must take:
SPAN 340Introduction to Literary Masterpieces4
or SPAN 350 Hispanic Civilization and Culture
SPAN 480Senior Portfolio1
Select 13 credits from the following:13
Intercultural Communication in Spanish
Community Spanish
Spanish Study Tour
Introduction to Literary Masterpieces
Foundations of Hispanic Literary Study: Genre
Hispanic Civilization and Culture
Hispanic Studies: Culture, Language, or Literature
Topics in Hispanic Culture
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics
Topics in Spanish for Specific Purposes
Topics in Hispanic Literature
Spanish Applied Linguistics and Teaching Pedagogy
Introduction to Translation I
Introduction to Translation II
Translation I
Translation II
Translation III
Translation IV
Contemporary Hispanic Studies: A Biblical Perspective
Teaching Assistant Practicum
Directed Research
Internship
Total Credits30

Professional Concentrations

Students in the Global Marketplace, Global Missions, International Relations, Ministry, and Urban Missions Professional concentrations below must complete 25 credits of Spanish plus the required courses in their selected concentration. 

Curriculum Requirements

Global Marketplace, Global Missions, International Relations, Ministry, and Urban Missions Concentrations

Concentration Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Integration Seminar (taken as "Contemporary Hispanic Studies")
Concentration Courses
Students will be placed into one of the following tracks:8
Second Language Learners
Spanish Language and Culture IV
Advanced Spanish Communication I
Advanced Spanish Communication II
Heritage Learners
Basic Spanish for the Heritage Learner
Basic Spanish for Heritage Learners IA
and Basic Spanish for Heritage Learners IB
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners I
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners II
All students must take:5
Introduction to Literary Masterpieces
Hispanic Civilization and Culture
Senior Portfolio
Electives
Select 12 credits from the following:12
Intercultural Communication in Spanish
Community Spanish
Spanish Study Tour
Introduction to Literary Masterpieces
Foundations of Hispanic Literary Study: Genre
Hispanic Civilization and Culture
Hispanic Studies: Culture, Language, or Literature
Topics in Hispanic Culture
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics
Topics in Spanish for Specific Purposes
Topics in Hispanic Literature
Spanish Applied Linguistics and Teaching Pedagogy
Introduction to Translation I
Introduction to Translation II
Translation I
Translation II
Translation III
Translation IV
Teaching Assistant Practicum
Directed Research
Internship
Select a Professional Concentration12-15
Total Credits37-40

Global Marketplace

A Spanish BA with a concentration in Global Marketplace requires 25 units of Spanish and an additional 15 credits of coursework housed in the Crowell School of Business. This concentration is designed for students interested in gaining a broad understanding of skills necessary for working in the local and global marketplace using their bilingual skills. Total credits is 40.

Additional Concentration Specific Core Curriculum Course
Business Statistics
Concentration Courses 1
BUSN 201Principles of Macroeconomics3
or BUSN 205 Economic Principles
BUSN 211Principles of Accounting I3
BUSN 220Management Information Systems3
BUSN 230Introduction to Marketing3
BUSN 347Global Business Environment3
Total Credits15

Global Missions

A Spanish BA with a concentration in Urban Missions requires 25 credits in Spanish and 12 credits in INCS coursework focused on international missions. This concentration is designed to equip students for global mission work through the study of language, culture, theology and strategic planning in order to more effectively serve and witness in the Spanish speaking world. Total credits: 37. 

Additional Concentration Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Cultural Anthropology
Theology of Mission (as BBST 400-level elective)
Concentration Courses
INCS 233Foundations of Global Studies3
INCS 333Principles of Church Multiplication3
INCS 334Church Planting Models and Strategies3
or INCS 440 The Local Church and World Missions
INCS 451Principles of Evangelism and Church Growth3
Total Credits12

International Relations

A Spanish BA with a concentration in International Relations requires 25 credits of Spanish and an additional 12 credits in Political Science. This concentration is designed for students desiring to use their language and cultural skills in careers that focus on global politics foreign affairs. Total credits is 37.

Additional Concentration Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Survey of American Government
Concentration Courses
POSC 208World Politics3
POSC 211Introduction to Political Economy3
POSC 308Foreign Policy and Diplomacy3
POSC 365Wealth and Justice3
Total Credits12

Ministry

A Spanish BA with a concentration in Ministry is designed for students who want to pursue the vocation of Christian Ministry in Spanish speaking communities. It requires 25 credits in Spanish coursework and an additional 12 credits in coursework focused on Christian Ministries. Total credits is 37.

Additional Concentration Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Bible Theology and Integration (taken as Methods of Bible Study)
Concentration Courses
CEED 150Foundations of Ministry3
or CEED 242 Psychology of Learning and Development
CEED 260Interpersonal and Cross-Cultural Relationships in Christian Ministry3
CEED 312Christian Ministry Skills3
or CEED 254 Leadership Development
CEED 313Christian Ministry Discipleship3
Total Credits12

Secondary Instruction

The Secondary Instruction concentration is designed for students whose goal is to teach Spanish at the high school level. A concentration in Secondary Instruction offers Spanish coursework that, in conjunction with a teacher preparation program, leads to a California SB2042 Preliminary Single Subject Teaching Credential in Spanish. The Secondary Instruction concentration consists of 30 credits of Spanish, as well as 15 credits of additional teacher preparation and pedagogy coursework, as detailed below. Total credits is 45.

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Integration Seminar (taken as "Contemporary Hispanic Studies")
Program Courses
Students will be placed into one of the following tracks:8
Second Language Learners
Spanish Language and Culture IV
Advanced Spanish Communication I
Advanced Spanish Communication II
Heritage Learners
Basic Spanish for the Heritage Learner
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners I
Advanced Spanish for Heritage Learners II
All students must take:
SPAN 340Introduction to Literary Masterpieces4
SPAN 341Foundations of Hispanic Literary Study: Genre4
SPAN 350Hispanic Civilization and Culture4
SPAN 433Spanish Applied Linguistics and Teaching Pedagogy4
SPAN 471Teaching Assistant Practicum1
SPAN 480Senior Portfolio1
Select 4 credits from the following:4
Community Spanish
Spanish Study Tour
Hispanic Studies: Culture, Language, or Literature
Topics in Hispanic Culture
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics
Topics in Spanish for Specific Purposes
Topics in Hispanic Literature
Directed Research
Education Courses
LEDU 301Introduction to Teaching3
LEDU 330Psychological Foundations of Education3
LEDU 341Methods of Teaching Linguistically Diverse Students3
LEDU 425Secondary Content Area Reading3
LEDU 438Secondary Curriculum, Differentiation, and Assessment3
Student teaching (12 credits) may be completed at the graduate level and is not required for undergraduate graduation:
Secondary Student Teaching I
Secondary Student Teaching II
Total Credits45

Urban Missions

A Spanish BA with a concentration in Urban Missions requires 25 credits in Spanish and 12 credits in INCS coursework focused on urban engagement. This concentration is designed to equip students for mission work through the study of language, culture, theology and strategic planning in order to more effectively serve and witness in urban Spanish speaking communities. Total credits: 37.

Additional Concentration Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Cultural Anthropology
Theology of Mission (as BBST 400-level elective)
Concentration Courses
INCS 338Urban Ministry Models3
INCS 449Topics in Ministry to Internationals and Immigrants3
INCS 457Urban Research3
INCS 459Urban Transformation3
Total Credits12

NOTE: The course sequence table is designed by the major department and is one way that the classes will work out properly in sequence for your major. However, there are alternative or flexible ways to rotate some of the classes within the same year/level and sometimes between year levels. Please contact your major department advisor to discuss flexible alternatives in scheduling the sequence of your classes.

Taking coursework during the summer session may also be an option to accelerate your degree path.

See Core Curriculum Program section for a list of approved Core Curriculum courses.

Spanish, B.A.

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
SPAN 20114SPAN 202 or 2154
ENGL 100 or 1123HIST 100 or 1013
Science (see Core Curriculum)3Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 1211KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 15 14
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
SPAN 300 or 3104SPAN 301 or 3114
HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3General Elective4
General Elective3 
 16 14
Total Credits 30
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 2513BBST 3543
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4SPAN 340 or 3504
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4ENGL 3133
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3MATH 1231
MATH 1221Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1General Elective3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 17
Total Credits 33
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 465 (Contemporary Hispanic Studies - required)3BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3
BBST 3653BBST 306, 316, or 3263
SPAN 4801SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)2
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)3General Elective4
General Elective3 
General Elective3 
 16 12
Total Credits 28

Spanish, B.A. Secondary Instruction

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
SPAN 20114SPAN 202 or 2154
ENGL 100 or 1123Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
HIST 100 or 1013PSYC 200 (required)3
GNST 1021MATH 1221
 KNES 1071
 14 15
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
SPAN 300 or 3104SPAN 340 or 3504
LEDU 3013SPAN 3504
HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253LEDU 3303
General Elective2KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 15 15
Total Credits 30
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 2513BBST 3543
LEDU 3413SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4
Communication (see Core Curriculum)3SPAN 4711
Science (see Core Curriculum)3LEDU 4253
MATH 1211ENGL 3133
General Elective3MATH 1231
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 15
Total Credits 31
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 465 (Contemporary Hispanic Studies - required)3
BBST 3653BBST 306, 316, or 3263
SPAN 3414SPAN 4334
SPAN 4801LEDU 4383
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3Philosophy (see core Curriculum)3
 LEDU 45020
 LEDU 45220
 14 16
Total Credits 30

Spanish, B.A. Global Marketplace

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
SPAN 20114SPAN 202 or 2154
ENGL 100 or 1123HIST 100 or 1013
MATH 190 (required)3Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3
Science (see Core Curriculum)3KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 17 14
Total Credits 31
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
SPAN 300 or 301 (or SPAN 310 or 311)24SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4
HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3Concentration Elective3
General Elective3 
 16 13
Total Credits 29
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 2513BBST 3543
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4SPAN 340 or 3504
Concentration Elective3ENGL 3133
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1Concentration Elective3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 14 16
Total Credits 30
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 465 (Contemporary Hispanic Studies - required)3BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3
BBST 3653BBST 306, 316, or 3263
SPAN 4801Concentration Elective3
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4General Electives7
Concentration Elective3 
 14 16
Total Credits 30

Spanish, B.A. Global Missions

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
SPAN 20114SPAN 202 or 2154
ENGL 100 or 1123HIST 100 or 1013
Science (see Core Curriculum)3Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 1211KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 15 14
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
SPAN 300 or 301 (or SPAN 310 or 311)24Concentration Elective3
POSC 225 (History or Political Science)3Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3General Elective3
General Elective3 
 16 12
Total Credits 28
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4BBST 3543
BBST 2513SPAN 340 or 3504
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4Concentration Elective3
ANTH 200 (Core Curriculum Behavioral Science)3ENGL 3133
MATH 1221MATH 1231
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
Writing Competency Requirement Graduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 17
Total Credits 33
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 465 (Contemporary Hispanic Studies - required)3BBST 458 (required)3
BBST 3653BBST 306, 316, or 3263
SPAN 4801Concentration Elective3
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4General Electives7
Concentration Elective3 
 14 16
Total Credits 30

Spanish, B.A. International Relations

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
SPAN 20114SPAN 202 or 2154
ENGL 100 or 1123HIST 100 or 1013
Science (see Core Curriculum)3Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 1211KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 15 14
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
SPAN 300 or 301 (or SPAN 310 or 311)24Concentration Elective3
POSC 225 (required)3Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3General Elective3
General Elective3 
 16 12
Total Credits 28
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 2513BBST 3543
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4SPAN 340 or 3504
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4Concentration Elective3
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3ENGL 3133
MATH 1221MATH 1231
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 17
Total Credits 33
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 465 (Contemporary Hispanic Studies - required)3BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3
BBST 3653BBST 306, 316, or 3263
SPAN 4801Concentration Elective3
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4General Electives7
Concentration Elective3 
 14 16
Total Credits 30

Spanish, B.A. Ministry

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
SPAN 20114SPAN 202 or 2154
ENGL 100 or 1123HIST 100 or 1013
Science (see Core Curriculum)3Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 1211KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 15 14
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
SPAN 300 or 301 (or SPAN 310 or 311)24Concentration Elective3
HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3General Elective3
General Elective3 
 16 12
Total Credits 28
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 2513BBST 3543
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4SPAN 340 or 3504
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4Concentration Elective3
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3ENGL 3133
MATH 1221MATH 1231
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 17
Total Credits 33
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 465 (Contemporary Hispanic Studies - required)3BBST 320 (required)3
BBST 3653BBST 306, 316, or 3263
SPAN 4801Concentration Elective3
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4General Electives7
Concentration Elective3 
 14 16
Total Credits 30

Spanish, B.A. Urban Missions

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
SPAN 20114SPAN 202 or 2154
ENGL 100 or 1123HIST 100 or 1013
Science (see Core Curriculum)3Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 1211KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 15 14
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
SPAN 300 or 301 (or SPAN 310 or 311)24Concentration Elective3
POSC 225 (required)3Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3General Elective3
General Elective3 
 16 12
Total Credits 28
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 2513BBST 3543
SPAN Elective4SPAN 340 or 3504
SPAN Elective4Concentration Elective3
ANTH 200 (required)3ENGL 3133
MATH 1221MATH 1231
KNES Activity1Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 17
Total Credits 33
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 465 (Contemporary Hispanic Studies - required)3BBST 458 (required)3
BBST 3653BBST 306, 316, or 3263
SPAN Elective (see list in catalog)4Concentration Elective3
SPAN 4801General Electives7
Concentration Elective3 
 14 16
Total Credits 30