Mathematics, B.S.

Mission

A Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics provides a strong foundational core for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in pure or applied mathematics; to pursue a career in applied mathematics (e.g., statistics, computer science, operations research, and actuarial mathematics) immediately after obtaining a B.S.; or to teach mathematics in middle school and high school. The courses taken to satisfy the degree requirements are taught viewing mathematics as part of God's creation, and there is a concentrated effort to integrate faith and learning.

Degree Program

A Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics is offered upon completion of the University baccalaureate and the mathematics major in one of the concentrations. All mathematics concentrations must include 24 upper-division credits.

Program Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, students will be able to:

  1. Think critically, solve problems, and prove theorems in the abstract (ULO 1).
  2. Apply mathematical theory, problem solve, and use math-related technology in real-world contexts (ULO 1).
  3. Communicate mathematical ideas effectively, both verbally and in writing (ULO 1).
  4. Articulate the implications of a biblical worldview concerning mathematics (ULO 2 and 3).

Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.

Curriculum Requirements

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
The Core Curriculum requirement for a foreign language for those following a mathematics major may be met by two years of high school language or the first 4 credits of a college language.
Mathematics majors must fulfill their Biblical Studies integration seminar requirement by taking one of the sections of BBST 465 Integration Seminar: God and Math.
Program Courses
Students earning a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics must complete the mathematics program courses and one of the concentrations.
MATH 105Calculus I4
MATH 106Calculus II4
MATH 204Introduction to Abstract Math3
MATH 205Calculus III4
MATH 291Linear Algebra3
MATH 305Introduction to Real Analysis I3
MATH 315Abstract Algebra I3
MATH 370Readings in Mathematics 12
CSCI 105Introduction to Computer Science3
Students who plan to pursue graduate studies should take at least two of the following courses regardless of the area of concentration:
Introduction to Real Analysis II
Abstract Algebra II
Research Seminar
Total Credits29

Concentrations

Actuarial Science (62 Credits)

Students who wish to pursue actuarial science, business analytics, or related fields should choose this concentration.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following:

Concentration Courses
BUSN 201Principles of Macroeconomics3
BUSN 202Principles of Microeconomics3
BUSN 211Principles of Accounting I3
BUSN 212Principles of Accounting II3
BUSN 370Business Finance3
MATH 190Business Statistics3
MATH 331Probability3
MATH 332Mathematical Statistics3
MATH 333Operations Research3
MATH 335Ordinary Differential Equations3
Select one course (3 credits) at the 300 or 400 level in Math3
Total Credits33

Applied Mathematics (47 Credits)

Students who are interested in preparing for careers in business or industry should choose this concentration. Courses introduce a variety of areas of applied mathematics.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following.

Concentration Courses
MATH 321Numerical Analysis3
MATH 331Probability3
MATH 332Mathematical Statistics3
MATH 333Operations Research3
MATH 335Ordinary Differential Equations3
or MATH 440 Complex Variables
Select one course at the 300 or 400 level in Math3
Total Credits18

Computer Science (53 Credits)

This concentration allows a mathematics major the opportunity to focus on the more mathematical aspects of computer science.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following.

Concentration Courses
Select at least two courses from the following:6
Numerical Analysis
Probability
Mathematical Statistics
Operations Research
The following courses are also required:
CSCI 106Data Structures3
CSCI 220Computer Organization and Assembly Language Programming3
CSCI 400Theory of Algorithms3
Select three courses at the 300 or 400 level in Math or Computer Science9
Total Credits24

Pure Mathematics (47 Credits)

This concentration allows the student flexibility in the selection of upper-division courses. A faculty advisor will aid the student in making these choices. Students planning to pursue mathematics in graduate school will find this concentration particularly appropriate.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following:

Concentration Courses
MATH 331Probability3
Select 5 courses at the 300 or 400 level in Math15
Total Credits18

Statistics and Data Science (47 credits)

The Statistics and Data Science concentration is designed to equip students to obtain valid data and use it to answer the questions they face on the job and in the world, with a biblical worldview. 

Concentration Courses
MATH 318Biostatistics3
MATH 331Probability3
MATH 332Mathematical Statistics3
MATH 380Statistical Consulting Practicum3
or MATH 319 Statistics II
CSCI 106Data Structures3
Statistics and Data Science Capstone 1
Select one of the following courses:3
Database Management
Topics in Computer Science (Artificial Intelligence)
Advanced Business Analytics
Statistics II 2
Total Credits18
Mathematics: Secondary Instruction 

Students who wish to prepare to teach mathematics at the secondary level should select this concentration to work toward a preliminary single-subject credential.

The Professional Teacher Preparation Program leading to a California Teaching Credential at Biola University is subject to change in response to new legislation. Please see a credential analyst in the School of Education for current information on completing the requirements for a teaching credential. Students must consult with both their major advisor and a School of Education advisor.

In addition to the program courses above, this concentration must complete the following.

Concentration-Specific Core Curriculum Course
Behavioral Science
Introduction to Psychology
Concentration Courses
MATH 331Probability3
MATH 341Classical Geometry3
MATH 415Number Theory and the History of Mathematics3
MATH 318Biostatistics3
or MATH 332 Mathematical Statistics
Select two courses at the 300 or 400 level in Math6
Education Courses
LEDU 301Introduction to Teaching3
LEDU 330Psychological Foundations of Education3
LEDU 341Methods of Teaching Linguistically Diverse Students3
LEDU 425Secondary Content Area Reading3
LEDU 433Single Subject Pedagogy2
LEDU 438Secondary Curriculum, Differentiation, and Assessment3
Student teaching (12 credits) may be completed at the graduate level and is not required for undergraduate graduation:
Secondary Student Teaching I
Secondary Student Teaching II
Total Credits35

NOTE: The course sequence table is designed by the major department and is one way that the classes will work out properly in sequence for your major. However, there are alternative or flexible ways to rotate some of the classes within the same year/level and sometimes between year levels. Please contact your major department advisor to discuss flexible alternatives in scheduling the sequence of your classes.

See Core Curriculum Program section for a list of approved Core Curriculum courses.

Mathematics, B.S. Actuarial Science (MACT)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
CSCI 1053MATH 1064
MATH 1054MATH 2043
MATH 1903Foreign Language (see Core Curriculum)4
KNES 1071ENGL 100 or 1123
GNST 1021 
 15 17
Total Credits 32
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
MATH 2054BBST 2513
MATH 2913MATH 3153
BUSN 2013BUSN 2023
Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3Science (see Core Curriculum)3
 16 15
Total Credits 31
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
BUSN 3703MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 3701MATH 332 or 3333
MATH Elective (upper-division)3MATH 3701
BUSN 2113BUSN 2123
ENGL 3133Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 16
Total Credits 32
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
MATH 3313BBST 306, 316, or 3263
Communication (see Core Curriculum)3MATH 3333
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3MATH 3353
Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1 
 16 15
Total Credits 31

Mathematics, B.S. Applied Mathematics

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
CSCI 1053MATH 1064
MATH 1054MATH 2043
ENGL 100 or 1123Foreign Language (see Core Curriculum)4
GNST 1021KNES 1071
 14 15
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 2054Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 2913Science (see Core Curriculum)3
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3General Elective3
 16 15
Total Credits 31
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
MATH 3313MATH 3153
MATH 3701MATH 3323
MATH Elective (upper-division)3MATH 3701
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3MATH 335 or 4403
ENGL 3133KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 14
Total Credits 30
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
MATH 3213BBST 306, 316, or 3263
Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3MATH 3333
Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
General Elective3General Elective3
 15 15
Total Credits 30

Mathematics, B.S. Computer Science

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
CSCI 1053CSCI 1063
MATH 1054MATH 1064
ENGL 100 or 1123MATH 2043
GNST 1021KNES 1071
 14 14
Total Credits 28
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513CSCI 2203
MATH 2054MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 2913Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
Foreign Language (see Core Curriculum)4Science (see Core Curriculum)3
 17 15
Total Credits 32
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
CSCI 4003MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 3701MATH 3701
MATH/CSCI Elective (upper-division)3MATH/CSCI Elective (upper-division)3
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3General Elective3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 14
Total Credits 30
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
MATH 321, 331, 332, or 33313BBST 306, 316, or 3263
ENGL 3133MATH 321, 331, 332, or 33313
Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3MATH/CSCI Elective (upper-division)3
Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3HIST 200, 200, or POSC 2253
 15 15
Total Credits 30

Mathematics, B.S. Pure Mathematics

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
CSCI 1053MATH 1064
MATH 1054MATH 2043
ENGL 100 or 1123Foreign Language (see Core Curriculum)4
GNST 1021KNES 1071
 14 15
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 2054Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 2913Science (see Core Curriculum)3
General Elective3General Elective3
 16 15
Total Credits 31
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
MATH 3701MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 3313MATH 3701
MATH Elective (upper-division)3MATH Elective (upper-division)3
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3Literature (see Core Curriculum)3
General Elective3KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due iin Registrar's Office
 16 14
Total Credits 30
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
MATH Elective (upper-division)3BBST 306, 316, or 3263
MATH Elective (upper-division)3MATH Elective (upper-division)3
ENGL 3133Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
 15 15
Total Credits 30

Mathematics, B.S. Statistics and Data Science

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
CSCI 1053CSCI 1063
MATH 1054MATH 1064
ENGL 100 or 1123MATH 2043
GNST 1021Foreign Language (see Core Curriculum)4
 KNES 1071
 14 18
Total Credits 32
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513MATH 315 or 3053
MATH 2054Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
MATH 2913Science (see Core Curriculum)3
General Elective3General Elective3
 16 15
Total Credits 31
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
MATH 3183MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 3313MATH 3701
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3MATH 3323
General Elective3Literature (see Core Curriculum)3
Writing Competency RequirementKNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 Graduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 15 14
Total Credits 29
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
MATH 380 or 3193BBST 306, 316, or 3263
ENGL 3133MATH 4701
CSCI 402, 440, BUSN 423, or MATH 3193Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
 15 13
Total Credits 28

Mathematics, B.S. Secondary Instruction

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
CSCI 1053MATH 1064
MATH 1054MATH 2043
ENGL 100 or 1123Foreign Language (see Core Curriculum)4
GNST 1021KNES 1071
 14 15
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 2054LEDU 3303
MATH 2913Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
LEDU 3013Science (see Core Curriculum)3
 KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 16 16
Total Credits 32
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
MATH 331 or 3413MATH 305 or 3153
MATH 3701MATH 318 or 3323
MATH 4153MATH 3701
LEDU 3413LEDU 4253
PSYC 200 (required)3Literature (see Core Curriculum)3
Writing Competency RequirementGraduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 16
Total Credits 32
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
MATH 331 or 3413BBST 306, 316, or 3263
MATH 415 (or MATH Elect - upper-division)3MATH Elective (upper-division)3
ENGL 3133LEDU 4332
Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3LEDU 4383
Philosophy (see Core Curriculum)3HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
 LEDU 450
LEDU 4521
0
 18 17
Total Credits 35