Master of Divinity (Talbot)

Director: Gary Manning, Ph.D.

Mission

The mission of the Master of Divinity degree program is to equip servant leaders for making disciples worldwide by developing in them an accurate knowledge of the Word of God, the skills necessary to communicate the Gospel effectively, and character worthy of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ for the leading of the church.

Program Description

The Master of Divinity curriculum at Talbot School of Theology is designed to foster the purpose for which the seminary was established—education for the propagation of the faith. This purpose entails an accurate knowledge of the Word of God—the source of faith and the effective means of its communication. The course of study is therefore designed around these two basic foci.

Believing firmly that God in love and grace has provided an answer for the needs of the world in Jesus Christ, and that this Jesus is the Christ of the Scriptures, Talbot emphasizes a knowledge of the content of the Word of God. In order that the Word may be known and expounded accurately and authoritatively, matters of biblical background, including the languages of the Old and New Testaments, are studied. Sound principles of literary interpretation are also explored as a basis for the interpretation of the Scriptures. On the basis of such interpretation there comes systematic study so as to organize various parts of the Word into theological categories.

Since the faith of today does not stand alone but is rooted in past centuries during which God has preserved and instructed His people, cognizance of this heritage is taken in a study of the history of the Church and its doctrine. Previous interaction between faith and the world provides a basis for understanding modern times.

It is the seminary's aim that this knowledge of the faith first grip the life of the student and then motivate the student to share it with the world. In accord with this latter aim instruction is given in vital areas of ministry and communication. From the preparation and delivery of sermons to individual involvement in counseling, the curriculum is designed to provide instruction that will facilitate propagation of the faith in the various fields of God's call. Opportunity is also given for the development of ministry skills as principles are applied in the context of ministry in the Church.

With recognition that the Great Commission commands the Church to go into the world to minister to all peoples, the cross-currents of modern thought are considered relevant to the preparation of God's minister. Throughout the course of instruction, interaction is provided with various perspectives for the purpose of inculcating their contributions and understanding their divergences. All the while they are measured by the pattern of the Word.

Talbot's program focuses on the entire person and is meant to contribute to personal spiritual formation as well as cognitive awareness and the development of ministry skills. The curriculum is structured to develop sustainable habits that can be continued in life and ministry after graduation. The various components of the curriculum are designed to complement one another and to reinforce basic principles to which students have been exposed in other parts of their seminary program. A goal of the program is to equip students to think biblically and to respond appropriately to the variety of challenges of life and ministry.

Program Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the Master of Divinity, students will be able to:

  1. Identify the basic contents of all books of the Old and New Testaments and the broad historical and cultural background information relevant to the study of the Old and New Testaments (ULO 1).
  2. Exegete and apply a biblical text properly through application of historical-grammatical hermeneutics (ULO 3).
  3. Explain the major doctrines of Christianity, including their biblical basis, historical development, and contemporary relevance, and assess non-evangelical doctrines from an evangelical perspective (ULO 1)
  4.  
    1. Explain the basic elements of Spiritual Theology, namely, the nature, process, and practices of spiritual growth (ULO
    2. demonstrate how knowledge of self integrates with knowledge of God in one's own life (ULO 2)
    3. demonstrate relational skills that develop community (ULO 3)
    4. articulate how the biblical teaching on vocation shapes one's own understanding of vocation and gainful employment (ULO 1, 2, 3).
  5. Prepare and present sermons demonstrating biblical accuracy, oral clarity and contemporary relevance (ULO 3).
  6. Students will demonstrate ministry skills in areas such as evangelism, administration, teaching, counseling, and worship (ULO 3).

Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.

Admission Requirements

All applicants must hold the Bachelor of Arts degree, or its academic equivalent, with a 2.6 (on a 4.0 scale) grade point average. Those not meeting this latter requirement, if accepted, will be placed on probation. Graduates from approved unaccredited colleges, if accepted, will be granted provisional acceptance, though exceptions may be made when the grade point average is 3.0 or higher. Graduates from approved unaccredited colleges may be required to take additional liberal arts course work (not applicable toward the graduate degree) if their undergraduate program did not include these courses.

Specialization Requirements

Changes of specialization may be authorized under certain circumstances prior to the completion of 40 credits, but are discouraged after that point.

Advanced Standing

Applicants who have taken undergraduate courses in biblical or theological studies may request advanced standing based on collegiate work. See Talbot Admissions Requirements for details.

Academic Probation

Students are placed on academic probation if their grade point average for any semester falls below 2.5 and will remain on probation as long as the single semester of cumulative grade point average remains below 2.5. Students on probation are granted one semester in which to bring their academic work up to the required level (2.5) for continuance in the seminary. A student cannot graduate while on probation.

Graduation Requirements

  1. Satisfactorily complete 79 semester credits.
  2. Take the courses prescribed in the Master of Divinity curriculum.
  3. Complete the requirements in one of the specializations.
  4. Students without previous courses in Old Testament Survey and New Testament Survey must take TTBE 519 and TTBE 520, which are not for credit unless taken in place of elective credits.

  5. Complete the online introduction to theological research methodologies by the end of the second semester.

  6. At least 50% of the total credits required for the degree program must be completed at this seminary, calculated prior to applying any advanced standing/reduction or transfer credit.
  7. The M.Div. program can be completed in three years (as outlined below). For those who need to extend the program, a four-year curriculum for the Master of Divinity in Pastoral and General Ministries specialization is available on the Office of the Registrar's website.
  8. Must have a 2.5 cumulative GPA with no grade below a "D-".
  9. Meet with Graduate Graduation Counselor in the Office of the Registrar one year prior to graduation to declare intent to graduate. (See Graduate Graduation Check description in Admission, Enrollment and Graduation Requirements section).

Biblical Languages Requirement

Two biblical languages are required: Greek and Hebrew. The first three classes of Greek (TTNT 501, TTNT 502, TTNT 503) are recommended to be completed prior to Hebrew since they are prerequisites to TTPT 609 Expository Preaching.

Greek

The courses listed below are required. A qualifying examination is available to all interested students. Those who pass the examination may enroll directly in TTNT 503.

TTNT 501Beginning Greek I3
TTNT 502Beginning Greek II3
TTNT 503Introduction to Exegesis3
TTNT 604Exegesis in the Gospels3
or TTNT 605 Exegesis in the Epistles

Hebrew

The courses listed below are required. A qualifying examination is available to interested students. Those who pass the examination may take TTOT 604 plus 3–4 credits of Hebrew electives instead of TTOT 603.

TTOT 603Elements of Hebrew I3
TTOT 604Elements of Hebrew II3
TTOT 703Introduction to Hebrew Exegesis3
TTOT 722Advanced Hebrew Reading2

Curriculum Requirements

Prerequisite Courses 1
Survey of Genesis–Malachi
Survey of Matthew–Revelation
Program Courses
The following courses apply for all Talbot Master of Divinity specializations. Messianic Jewish Studies, and Spiritual Formation specializations both differ slightly in their coursework. These variations may be found under the specific specializations.
TTBE 517Hermeneutics and Bible Study Methods3
TTHT 505Patristic and Medieval Theology3
or TTHT 506 Reformation and Modern Theology
or TTHT 514 Historical Theology Survey
TTNT 501Beginning Greek I3
TTNT 502Beginning Greek II3
TTNT 503Introduction to Exegesis3
TTNT 604Exegesis in the Gospels3
or TTNT 605 Exegesis in the Epistles
TTOT 603Elements of Hebrew I3
TTOT 604Elements of Hebrew II3
TTOT 703Introduction to Hebrew Exegesis3
TTOT 722Advanced Hebrew Reading2
TTPT 591Introduction to Field Education1
TTPT 609Expository Preaching3
TTPT 707Foundations of Pastoral Care and Counseling2
TTSF 501Introduction to Spiritual Theology and Formation3
TTSF 503Personal Foundations for Spiritual Formation3
TTSF 504Spiritual Formation, Vocation, and the Disciplines1
TTSF 505Talbot Spiritual Direction I0
TTSF 506Talbot Spiritual Direction II0
TTTH 521Theology I: God, Scripture, Creation3
TTTH 522Theology II: Christ, Humanity, Sin, Salvation3
TTTH 623Theology III: Spirit, Church, Last Things3
Specialization Courses
Select a Specialization detailed below28
Total Credits79
1

TTBE 519 Old Testament Survey and TTBE 520 New Testament Survey are prerequisites for this degree. To meet the prerequisite, students must have received a "C" or higher in approved undergraduate or graduate survey courses from a regionally accredited institution. Students who enroll without the prerequisite courses must take TTBE 519 and TTBE 520 before graduating. Credits from these courses may count as electives, or may add to the length of the program if electives are not available. 

Core Requirement Alternatives

Christian Ministry and Leadership

For students anticipating a career teaching in higher education:
Educational Practicum
May replace:
Field Internship
Field Internship

A written faculty advisor-approved petition must be filed with the Office of the Registrar.

Specializations

Christian Education

Mission and Learning Outcomes

Provides preparation for a wide variety of local church ministries related to teaching and equipping believers and church attendees of all ages including curriculum development, volunteer training, retreats, small groups, life stage and gender ministries, and the like.

As a result of this program, the student will:

  1. Understand and value the administrative and leadership dimensions of ministry based on solid biblical and theological foundations and develop skill in designing, implementing, and assessing educational ministry.
  2. Gain a broad understanding of and appreciation for the history of educational ministry and the theological and philosophical underpinnings that have influenced its theory and practice and evaluate current educational practice in light of these understandings.
  3. Engage in a supervised educational ministry experience leading to growth in personal maturity and character, developing skill in ministry leadership, and the understanding necessary to integrate and apply ministry theory.
  4. Actively pursue and progress in a life-long process of personal spiritual development by nurturing a relationship with God, connecting in Christian community, growing in moral integrity, and engaging in vocational service in light of giftedness.
Specialization courses
TTCE 508Organizational Leadership3
TTCE 523Teaching Ministry 13
TTCE 608Philosophy of Ministry3
TTCE 655Strategic Ministry Leadership3
TTCE 790Educational Practicum1
TTPT 592Field Education II0
TTPT 602Pastoral Ministry3
TTPT 691Field Education III0
TTPT 692Field Education IV0
Select two of the following:6
Introduction to World Missions
Apologetics
Evangelism and Follow-Up
The Church and Society
Elective Courses
TTCE elective courses6
Total Credits28
1

 Students with a strong educational psychology or teaching background may substitute another TTCE course in place of TTCE 523.

Evangelism and Discipleship

Mission and Learning Outcomes

Provides preparation for a variety of professional ministries including pastor, associate pastor, youth pastor, teacher, evangelist, missionary and other leadership roles. In comparison to the Pastoral and General Ministries this program has specialized training in evangelism and discipleship.

As a result of this program, the student will:

  1. Give a persuasive and succinct presentation of how one comes to faith in Christ.
  2. Design a training seminar on evangelism for laypersons in a local church.
  3. Develop and apply specific skills for cross-cultural evangelism in the United States and abroad.
  4. Analyze the changing context of American society, and develop ways of addressing various ethical/social issues.
  5. Acquire the basic information and skills to plant a new church.
  6. Learn the principles and procedures to cooperate with God in the growth of His churches.
  7. Integrate the biblical doctrine of sanctification with the concepts of discipleship, spiritual formation, and the Christian life.
Specialization Courses
TTCE 556Christian Formation and Discipleship3
TTPT 510Evangelism and Follow-Up3
TTPT 592Field Education II0
TTPT 602Pastoral Ministry3
TTPT 610Contemporary Biblical Preaching3
TTPT 615Biblical Church Growth3
TTPT 616Church Planting3
TTPT 691Field Education III0
TTPT 692Field Education IV0
TTPT 722Small Group Discipleship3
TTPT 730Biblical Leadership and Management3
TTPT 791Field Internship0
TTPT 792Field Internship1
Select one of the following:3
Introduction to World Missions
Educational Ministry in the Church
The Church and Society
Apologetics
Total Credits28

Messianic Jewish Studies

This specialization is only offered through the Charles Feinberg Center in New York.

International Student Admission Requirement

International applicants must demonstrate a TOEFL score of 100 iBT to gain admission into the Feinberg M.Div. program.

Mission and Learning Outcomes

Provides training and preparation for a variety of professional ministries that serve the Jewish community in roles such as Messianic congregational leader, outreach coordinator, missions worker, or educator. Includes opportunities for specialized study of the Bible and theological reflection with a focus on aspects of Jewish studies. Enrollment in specialization courses is limited to students admitted to Messianic Jewish Studies specialization.

As a result of this program the student will:

  1. Master the Hebrew language​
  2. Incorporate an understanding of Rabbinic thought and Old Testament Law in course studies and discipleship
  3. Employ knowledge of Jewish culture and values effectively in diverse ministry situations
  4. Develop skills of ministry specifically appropriate for the Jewish community
  5. Describe the significance of modern Israel within the Jewish community
Program Courses
Students enrolling in the Messianic Jewish Studies specialization will take the following program courses in place of the program courses section listed above.
TTBE 517Hermeneutics and Bible Study Methods3
TTBE 519Survey of Genesis–Malachi3
TTBE 520Survey of Matthew–Revelation3
TTHT 505Patristic and Medieval Theology3
or TTHT 506 Reformation and Modern Theology
or TTHT 514 Historical Theology Survey
TTNT 501Beginning Greek I3
TTNT 502Beginning Greek II3
TTNT 503Introduction to Exegesis3
TTNT 604Exegesis in the Gospels3
or TTNT 605 Exegesis in the Epistles
TTOT 603Elements of Hebrew I3
TTOT 604Elements of Hebrew II3
TTOT 607Hebrew Exegesis I – Torah3
TTOT 608Hebrew Exegesis II – Neviim and Ketuvim3
TTOT 613Rabbinic Literature–Readings in Mishnah and Talmud3
TTPT 591Introduction to Field Education1
TTPT 609Expository Preaching3
TTSF 501Introduction to Spiritual Theology and Formation2
TTSF 503Personal Foundations for Spiritual Formation2
TTTH 521Theology I: God, Scripture, Creation3
TTTH 522Theology II: Christ, Humanity, Sin, Salvation3
TTTH 623Theology III: Spirit, Church, Last Things3
Specialization Courses
TTHT 604Jewish History3
TTPH 602Apologetics3
TTPT 510Evangelism and Follow-Up3
TTPT 592Field Education II0
TTPT 602Pastoral Ministry3
TTPT 610Contemporary Biblical Preaching3
TTPT 691Field Education III0
TTPT 692Field Education IV0
TTPT 723Integration in Jewish Studies2
TTPT 791Field Internship0
TTPT 792Field Internship0
TTTH 620Rabbinic Theology3
TTTH 622Theology of the Siddur3
Total Credits79

Missions and Intercultural Studies

Mission and Learning Outcomes

Provides training grounded in a sound biblical and theological framework for effective intercultural ministry (in both local and international contexts) including cultural awareness and sensitivity, understanding regional and national theological issues, ethnicity and ideology, intercultural communication, and the like.

As a result of this program, students will:

  1. Explain how major anthropological insights facilitate missiological understanding.
  2. Formulate a biblical theology of mission that integrates data from both the Old and the New Testaments.
  3. Demonstrate skills of integrating theological and missiological insights in ministry by engaging in specific cross-cultural tasks in course assignments and the field internship.
  4. Apply principles of intercultural communication to evaluate experiences from one’s own culture and from other cultures.
Specialization Courses
ISAN 507Cultural Anthropology3
ISCL 751Theology of Mission3
ISCL 791Field Internship1
ISCL 792Field Internship1
TTCE 600Educational Ministry in the Church3
TTPT 592Field Education II0
TTPT 691Field Education III0
TTPT 692Field Education IV0
TTPT 730Biblical Leadership and Management3
Emphasis/Elective Courses
Select an emphasis detailed below9
General elective courses5
Total Credits28
Emphases

Students earning the Missions and Intercultural Studies specialization choose any three courses from the categories below. These three courses may be from one or from multiple categories below. Other courses offered by the Cook School of Intercultural Studies may also be used to satisfy this requirement with the permission of the department chair.

Anthropology
ISAN 528Cultures of the World3
ISAN 555Kinship and Family in Cross-cultural Perspective3
ISAN 561Economic Anthropology3
ISAN 631Topics in Cultural Anthropology1-3
ISAN 671Applied Anthropology3
ISAN 751Social Anthropology3
ISAN 761Culture and Transformation3
ISCL 520Interpersonal and Intercultural Adjustment3
ISCL 556World Religions3
Applied Linguistics
ISAL 520Introduction to Language and Linguistics3
ISAL 525Introduction to Syntax3
ISAL 529Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics3
ISAL 535Introduction to Bible Translation3
ISAL 646Sociolinguistics3
ISAL 648Discourse and Text Analysis3
ISAL 679Planning, Evaluation, and Research in Applied Linguistics3
ISAL 683Topics in Linguistics1-3
Church Planting
ISCL 520Interpersonal and Intercultural Adjustment3
ISCL 555Introduction to World Missions3
ISCL 556World Religions3
ISCL 663Cross-cultural Implications in Evangelism3
ISCL 727Principles of Church Multiplication3
ISCL 732Church Planting Models and Strategies3
ISCL 735Principles of Church Growth3
ISCL 742History of the World Christian Movement3
ISCL 743Urban Church Planting Models3
ISCL 744Narrative in Scripture and Teaching3
ISCL 765Cross-Cultural Leadership3
Crosscultural Education
ISCL 520Interpersonal and Intercultural Adjustment3
ISCL 555Introduction to World Missions3
ISCL 575Multicultural Education3
ISCL 709Intercultural Communication3
ISCL 744Narrative in Scripture and Teaching3
Linguistics and Biblical Languages
ISAL 520Introduction to Language and Linguistics3
ISAL 521General Articulatory Phonetics3
ISAL 523Introduction to Phonology3
ISAL 525Introduction to Syntax3
ISAL 529Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics3
ISAL 535Introduction to Bible Translation3
ISAL 648Discourse and Text Analysis3
ISAL 650Seminar in Linguistics and Biblical Exegesis3
Missiology
ISCL 555Introduction to World Missions3
ISCL 655Contemporary Theology of Mission3
ISCL 680The Local Church and World Missions3
ISCL 722Spiritual Conflicts in Crosscultural Context3
ISCL 724Issues in Spiritual Warfare3
ISCL 730Directed Study1-4
ISCL 742History of the World Christian Movement3
ISCL 747Christianity and Culture3
ISCL 750Issues in Contextualization/Crosscultural Theology3
ISCL 752Acts: Biblical and Missiological3
ISCL 755Biblical Morality and Cultural Relativity3
Urban/Multi-Ethnic
ISCL 520Interpersonal and Intercultural Adjustment3
ISCL 531Peoples of Ethnic America3
ISCL 559Topics in Urban Studies3
ISCL 560Urban Research and Study3
ISCL 568Theology of the City3
ISCL 583Poverty and the City3
ISCL 730Directed Study1-4
ISCL 744Narrative in Scripture and Teaching3

Pastoral and General Ministries

Mission and Learning Outcomes

Provides preparation for a variety of professional ministries including pastor, associate pastor, youth pastor, women's ministries, college and seminary teaching and other leadership roles. (Students anticipating a graduate or undergraduate teaching career will need to pursue advanced studies beyond the Master of Divinity program.)

Specialization Courses
TTPT 592Field Education II0
TTPT 602Pastoral Ministry3
TTPT 610Contemporary Biblical Preaching3
TTPT 691Field Education III0
TTPT 692Field Education IV0
TTPT 703The Church and Society3
TTPT 730Biblical Leadership and Management3
TTPT 791Field Internship0
TTPT 792Field Internship1
Select two of the following:6
Introduction to World Missions
Educational Ministry in the Church
Evangelism and Follow-Up
Apologetics
Elective Requirements
General elective courses9
Total Credits28

Pastoral Care and Counseling

Mission and Learning Outcomes

Provides preparation for ministry to individuals, couples, families and groups focusing on biblical counseling, conflict resolution, crisis management, developing lay counselors and care teams, grief counseling, and the like.

As a result of this program, the student will:

  1. Develop empathic listening skills, and the commitment to use and teach these skills in life and ministry.
  2. Be aware of their personal issues and the ability and commitment to develop a personal network for growth.
  3. Develop a commitment to and practice of sound ethical principles related to pastoral ministry.
  4. Become aware of his or her limitations, the ability to diagnose the pathology of individuals, couples and families, and know how and to whom to refer people for needed help.
  5. Become aware of theories and the issues of counseling and the lifespan development of people, and have the ability to apply this knowledge in ministry contexts.
  6. Develop understanding of ministry skills and be able to apply them in program development of pastoral ministry.
  7. Develop the ability in counseling to move people from relationship through realization to responsibility.
  8. Be committed to the application of biblical knowledge and theological foundations in the exercise of ministry skills.
Specialization Courses
TTPT 602Pastoral Ministry3
TTPT 604Pastoral Care and Chaplaincy3
TTPT 628Marital Counseling3
TTPT 693Pastoral Care and Counseling Internship I1
TTPT 694Pastoral Care and Counseling Internship II1
TTPT 695Pastoral Care and Counseling Internship III1
TTPT 702Intermediate Pastoral Counseling3
TTPT 703The Church and Society3
TTPT 708Advanced Pastoral Counseling3
TTPT 716Addressing Common Pastoral Counseling Concerns3
TTPT 725Counseling Troubled Families3
TTPT 760Seminar1
Total Credits28

Spiritual Formation

Mission and Learning Outcomes

Provides preparation for ministries of spiritual formation, soul care, spiritual direction, and preaching to churches and parachurch organizations.

As a result of this program, the student will:

  1. Demonstrate competence in providing spiritual direction to others (ULO 2, 3).
  2. Demonstrate understanding of how to integrate spiritual formation into preaching (ULO 1, 3).

In the MDiv Spiritual Formation specialization, students will develop the PLO having to do with spiritual formation (#4) to a higher level of mastery.

Prerequisite Courses
Survey of Genesis–Malachi
Survey of Matthew–Revelation
Program Courses
Students enrolling in the Spiritual Formation specialization will take the following program courses in place of the program courses section listed above. All TTSF courses must be taken in-residence.
TTSF 517Hermeneutics and the Word in Spiritual Formation3
or TTBE 517 Hermeneutics and Bible Study Methods
TTHT 505Patristic and Medieval Theology3
or TTHT 506 Reformation and Modern Theology
or TTHT 514 Historical Theology Survey
TTNT 501Beginning Greek I3
TTNT 502Beginning Greek II3
TTNT 503Introduction to Exegesis3
TTNT 604Exegesis in the Gospels3
or TTNT 605 Exegesis in the Epistles
TTOT 603Elements of Hebrew I3
TTOT 604Elements of Hebrew II3
TTOT 703Introduction to Hebrew Exegesis3
TTOT 722Advanced Hebrew Reading2
TTPT 609Expository Preaching3
TTTH 521Theology I: God, Scripture, Creation3
TTTH 522Theology II: Christ, Humanity, Sin, Salvation3
TTTH 623Theology III: Spirit, Church, Last Things3
Specialization Courses
TTPT 602Pastoral Ministry3
TTSF 521Introduction to Christian Spirituality and Prayer2
TTSF 524History and Theory of Christian Soul Care and Direction2
TTSF 531History and Traditions of Christian Spirituality (or TTSF elective course)2
TTSF 532Developmental Spirituality and Contemplative Prayer2
TTSF 543Personal Foundations of Spirituality and Retreat2
TTSF 544Personality Development and Psychopathology3
TTSF 577Soul Care Pre-practicum I and Professional Ethics2
TTSF 578Soul Care Pre-practicum II and Professional Referral3
TTSF 585Personal Spiritual Direction 10
TTSF 602Prayer and Formation in Expository Preaching 21
TTSF 645Christian Virtue and the Spiritual Disciplines2
TTSF 670Intensive Journey Inward and Retreat 32
TTSF 677Soul Care Practicum I2
or TTPT 791 Field Internship
TTSF 678Soul Care Practicum II2
or TTPT 792 Field Internship
Select two of the following:6
Introduction to World Missions
Educational Ministry in the Church
Apologetics
Evangelism and Follow-Up
The Church and Society
Elective Courses
TTSF elective courses2
Co-Curricular Requirements
Personal Spiritual Direction
Didactic Therapy
Faculty-Student Retreats
Personal Retreats
Student Progress Assessment
Intensive Journey Inward and Retreat
Total Credits79
1

 TTSF 585 must be taken every semester.

2

 TTSF 602 to be taken with TTPT 609.

3

 TTSF 670 to be taken for 1 credit, twice.