Biological Science, B.S.

Mission

The mission of the Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences is to provide an academically stimulating and challenging environment for intellectual and spiritual growth, preparing students to pursue careers in scientific research, industry, academia, and health care.

Degree Program

A Bachelor of Science degree in Biological Science is offered upon completion of the University baccalaureate and major requirements. The Bachelor of Science degree in Biological Science offers four different concentrations: Environmental Science, General Biology, Pre-Med/Pre-Health Care Professional, and Secondary Instruction.

Program Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences, students will be able to:

  1. Apply the scientific method in research (ULO 3).
  2. Explain the biomolecular basis of life at the cellular level (ULO 1).
  3. Describe and classify the diversity of organismal form, structure and function, and the relationship of the organisms to one another and the environment (ULO 1).
  4. Integrate faith and scientific knowledge to practice science with integrity, steward creation, and articulate the merit of their worldview (ULO 2).

Each Program Learning Outcome (PLO) listed above references at least one of the University Learning Outcomes (ULO 1, 2, 3), which may be found in the General Information section of this catalog.

Admission Recommendations

Recommended high school courses are: one year of biology, one year of chemistry, three years of mathematics, and two years of foreign language. One year of physics is desirable. The student should be aware that Advanced Placement (AP) science courses may not be used to fulfill science requirements for this degree.

Graduate/Professional School Requirements

The student should be aware that most graduate programs and many professional schools require an overall minimum GPA of 3.0 and that a grade of "C" or better was earned for all science courses and they will not accept Advanced Placement science credit to fulfill the entrance requirements.

Curriculum Requirements

Concentrations

General Biology (65+ Credits)

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
All Biological Science majors automatically meet the Core Curriculum requirement for science and mathematics. The foreign language requirement is met by two years in high school or the first 4 credits in college.
PHIL 215 is strongly recommended for all Biological Science majors.
Program Courses
BIOS 111Fundamentals of Cellular and Molecular Biology3
BIOS 113Fundamentals of Cellular and Molecular Biology Laboratory1
BIOS 112Fundamentals of Organismal Biology3
BIOS 114Fundamentals of Organismal Biology Laboratory1
BIOS 200Sophomore Writing Seminar1
BIOS 222Botany4
BIOS 281Physiology4
or BIOS 282 Microbiology
or BIOS 380 Advanced Microbiology
or BIOS 381 Advanced Physiology
BIOS 312Cell and Molecular Biology3
BIOS 322Laboratory in Cell and Molecular Biology1
BIOS 332Genetics4
BIOS 401General Ecology4
BIOS 450Directed Research1
or BIOS 470 Seminar in Advanced Biology
or BIOS 480 Internship
Electives: Select a minimum of 8 credits of upper-division Biological Sciences courses.8
The following minimum of 27 credits of supporting sciences from the Departments of Chemistry, Physics and Engineering and Mathematical Sciences are also required including: 1
CHEM 105General Chemistry I4
CHEM 106General Chemistry II4
CHEM 301Organic Chemistry I3
CHEM 311Laboratory in Organic Chemistry I1
CHEM 302Organic Chemistry II3
CHEM 312Laboratory in Organic Chemistry II1
PHSC 111Physics I3
PHSC 117Physics I Laboratory1
PHSC 112Physics II3
PHSC 118Physics II Laboratory1
Select one of the following:3-4
Precalculus Mathematics
Calculus I
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Biostatistics
Total Credits65-66

Environmental Science (64+ Credits)

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
All Biological Science majors automatically meet the Core Curriculum requirement for science and mathematics. The foreign language requirement is met by two years in high school or the first 4 credits in college.
PHIL 215 is strongly recommended for all Biological Science majors.
Program Courses
BIOS 103Introduction to Environmental Science3
BIOS 112Fundamentals of Organismal Biology3
BIOS 114Fundamentals of Organismal Biology Laboratory1
BIOS 200Sophomore Writing Seminar1
BIOS 222Botany4
BIOS 332Genetics4
or BIOS 281 Physiology
or BIOS 381 Advanced Physiology
BIOS 401General Ecology4
BIOS 450Directed Research1
or BIOS 470 Seminar in Advanced Biology
or BIOS 480 Internship
Select a minimum of 8 credits in Organismal Biology Electives8
Vertebrate Biology
Invertebrate Biology
Marine Biology
Parasitology
Ornithology
Select a minimum of 8 credits in Environmental Science Electives8
Ecological Agriculture
Global Development and Ecological Sustainability
Land Resources
Lake Ecology and Management
Environmental Microbiology
Field Biology
Environmental Ethics
Bioethics
Environmental Health: An Ecological Perspective
Principles of Geographic Information Systems
Natural History of Southern California
Conservation Biology
Restoration Ecology
Au Sable Institute of Environmental Studies
Topics in Environmental Science
Topics in Natural Resource Management
Directed Research
Directed Studies in Environmental Sciences
Seminar in Advanced Biology
Internship
Environmental Chemistry
The following minimum of 27 credits of supporting sciences from the Departments of Chemistry, Physics and Engineering and Mathematical Sciences are also required including: 1
CHEM 105General Chemistry I4
CHEM 106General Chemistry II4
CHEM 301
CHEM 311
Organic Chemistry I
and Laboratory in Organic Chemistry I
4
or CHEM 321
CHEM 322
Basic Organic and Biochemistry
and Basic Organic and Biochemistry Lab
MATH 210Introduction to Probability and Statistics3
or MATH 318 Biostatistics
PHSC 103Geology3
PHSC 104Geology Laboratory1
PHSC 111Physics I3
PHSC 117Physics I Laboratory1
PHSC 112Physics II3
PHSC 118Physics II Laboratory1
Total Credits64

Pre-Med/Pre-Health Care Professional (65+ Credits)

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
All Biological Science majors automatically meet the Core Curriculum requirement for science and mathematics. The foreign language requirement is met by two years in high school or the first 4 credits in college.
PHIL 215 is strongly recommended for all Biological Science majors.
Program Courses
BIOS 111Fundamentals of Cellular and Molecular Biology3
BIOS 113Fundamentals of Cellular and Molecular Biology Laboratory1
BIOS 112Fundamentals of Organismal Biology3
BIOS 114Fundamentals of Organismal Biology Laboratory1
BIOS 200Sophomore Writing Seminar1
BIOS 281Physiology4
or BIOS 381 Advanced Physiology
BIOS 312Cell and Molecular Biology3
BIOS 322Laboratory in Cell and Molecular Biology1
BIOS 332Genetics4
BIOS 401General Ecology4
or BIOS 355 Environmental Health: An Ecological Perspective
BIOS 411General Biochemistry I3
or BIOS 412 General Biochemistry II
BIOS 450Directed Research1
or BIOS 470 Seminar in Advanced Biology
or BIOS 480 Internship
Electives: Select a minimum of 9 credits of upper-division Biological Sciences courses.9
The following minimum of 27 credits of supporting sciences from the Departments of Chemistry, Physics, and Engineering and Mathematical Sciences are also required, including:
CHEM 105General Chemistry I4
CHEM 106General Chemistry II4
CHEM 301Organic Chemistry I3
CHEM 311Laboratory in Organic Chemistry I1
CHEM 302Organic Chemistry II3
CHEM 312Laboratory in Organic Chemistry II1
PHSC 111Physics I3
PHSC 117Physics I Laboratory1
PHSC 112Physics II3
PHSC 118Physics II Laboratory1
Select one of the following:3-4
Precalculus Mathematics
Calculus I
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Biostatistics
Total Credits65-66

Secondary Instruction (66 credits)

For those interested in teaching Biology at the high school level, this concentration provides coursework that, combined with successfully passing the California Subject Examinations for Teachers (CSET), leads to a California Single Subject Teaching Credential in Biology. The Professional Teacher Preparation Program leading to a California Teaching Credential at Biola University is subject to change in response to new legislation. See a credential analyst in the School of Education for current information on completing the requirements for a teaching credential. Students must consult with both their major advisor and a School of Education advisor.

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
All Biological Science majors automatically meet the Core Curriculum requirement for science and mathematics. The foreign language requirement is met by two years in high school or the first 4 credits in college.
HIST 200 or POSC 225 is required for all teaching credential candidates.
PHIL 215 is strongly recommended for all Biological Science majors.
PSYC 200 is required to fulfill the Core Curriculum requirement for Behavioral Science.
Program Courses
Students must complete a minimum of 31 credits of Biological Science courses and a minimum of 18 credits of Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics courses including the following: 1
BIOS 103Introduction to Environmental Science3
BIOS 111Fundamentals of Cellular and Molecular Biology3
BIOS 113Fundamentals of Cellular and Molecular Biology Laboratory1
BIOS 112Fundamentals of Organismal Biology3
BIOS 114Fundamentals of Organismal Biology Laboratory1
BIOS 200Sophomore Writing Seminar1
BIOS 236Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology4
or BIOS 281 Physiology
BIOS 312Cell and Molecular Biology3
BIOS 332Genetics4
BIOS 401General Ecology4
CHEM 105General Chemistry I4
CHEM 106General Chemistry II4
CHEM 301Organic Chemistry I3
or CHEM 321 Basic Organic and Biochemistry
PHSC 111Physics I3
PHSC 117Physics I Laboratory1
MATH 210Introduction to Probability and Statistics3
or MATH 318 Biostatistics
Select at least 4 credits of Biological Science elective courses4
Education Courses
LEDU 301Introduction to Teaching3
LEDU 330Psychological Foundations of Education3
LEDU 341Methods of Teaching Linguistically Diverse Students3
LEDU 425Secondary Content Area Reading3
LEDU 433Single Subject Pedagogy2
LEDU 438Secondary Curriculum, Differentiation, and Assessment3
Student teaching (12 credits) may be completed at the graduate level and is not required for undergraduate graduation:
Secondary Student Teaching I
Secondary Student Teaching II
Total Credits66

Secondary Education Minor

For those interested in teaching Biology at the high school level, this minor provides coursework that, combined with successfully passing the California Subject Examinations for Teachers (CSET), leads to a California Single Subject Teaching Credential in Biology. The Professional Teacher Preparation Program leading to a California Teaching Credential at Biola University is subject to change in response to new legislation. See a credential analyst in the School of Education for current information on completing the requirements for a teaching credential. Students must consult with both their major advisor and a School of Education advisor. Refer to the Education section of the catalog or meet with a credential analyst in the School of Education for program requirements.

Candidates who take the following 18 credits qualify for a Secondary Education Minor:

Program-Specific Core Curriculum Courses
Introduction to Psychology
Program Courses
LEDU 301Introduction to Teaching3
LEDU 330Psychological Foundations of Education3
LEDU 341Methods of Teaching Linguistically Diverse Students3
LEDU 425Secondary Content Area Reading3
LEDU 433Single Subject Pedagogy2
LEDU 438Secondary Curriculum, Differentiation, and Assessment3
Select 1 credit of approved electives1
Total Credits18

NOTE: The course sequence table is designed by the major department and is one way that the classes will work out properly in sequence for your major. However, there are alternative or flexible ways to rotate some of the classes within the same year/level and sometimes between year levels. Please contact your major department advisor to discuss flexible alternatives in scheduling the sequence of your classes.

Taking coursework during the summer session may also be an option to accelerate your degree path.

See Core Curriculum Program section for a list of approved Core Curriculum courses.

Biological Science, B.S. General Biology (BSGB)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
BIOS 1123BIOS 1113
BIOS 1141BIOS 1131
CHEM 1054CHEM 1064
ENGL 100 or 1123KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 15 12
Total Credits 27
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513BIOS 2001
BIOS 281, 282, 380, or 3814BIOS 2224
CHEM 3013CHEM 3023
CHEM 3111CHEM 3121
MATH 125, 150, 210, or 3183-4Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
 KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 17-18 16
Total Credits 33-34
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
BIOS 3123BIOS 3221
PHSC 1113BIOS 4014
PHSC 1171PHSC 1123
Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3PHSC 1181
ENGL 3133Literature (see Core Curriculum)3
 Writing Competency Requirement
 Graduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 15
Total Credits 31
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
BIOS Elective (upper-division)4BBST 306, 316, 326, or 3363
BIOS 3324BIOS Elective (upper-division)4
BIOS 450, 470, or 4801HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
PHIL 215 (strongly recommended)3Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3
 15 16
Total Credits 31

Biological Science, B.S. Environmental Science (BIES)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
BIOS 1123BIOS 1033
BIOS 1141CHEM 1064
CHEM 1054Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
ENGL 100 or 1123 
KNES 1071 
GNST 1021 
 16 13
Total Credits 29
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BIOS 2001BBST 2513
CHEM 301
CHEM 311 (or CHEM 321 & 322)
4BIOS 2224
MATH 2103PHSC 1033
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1PHSC 1041
 Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3
 12 17
Total Credits 29
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
Env Sci Elective (upper division)4BIOS 4014
PHSC 1113Organismal BIOS Elective (upper-division)4
PHSC 1171PHSC 1123
PHIL 215 (strongly recommended)3PHSC 1181
Literature (see Core Curriculum)3ENGL 3133
 Writing Competency Requirement
 Graduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 17 18
Total Credits 35
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
BBST 306, 316, 326, or 3363BIOS 450, 470, or 4801
Organismal BIOS Elective (upper-division)4Env Sci Elective (upper-division)4
Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3BIOS 332, 281, or 3814
 HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
 13 15
Total Credits 28

Biological Science, B.S. Pre-Med/Pre-Health Care Professional (BPRE)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
BIOS 1123BIOS 1113
BIOS 1141BIOS 1131
CHEM 1054CHEM 1064
ENGL 100 or 1123KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 15 12
Total Credits 27
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513BIOS 2001
BIOS 281 or 3814BIOS Elective (upper-division)3
CHEM 3013CHEM 3023
CHEM 3111CHEM 3121
MATH 125, 150, 210, or 3183-4Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
 KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 17-18 15
Total Credits 32-33
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
BIOS 3123BIOS 3324
BIOS 3221BIOS Elective (upper-division)3
PHSC 1113PHSC 1123
PHSC 1171PHSC 1181
ENGL 3133Literature (see Core Curriculum)3
 Writing Competency Requirement
 Graduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 14 17
Total Credits 31
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
BIOS 401 or 3554BBST 306, 316, 326, or 3363
BIOS 411 or 4123BIOS Elective (upper-division)3
BIOS 450, 470, or 4801Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3
Behavioral Science (see Core Curriculum)3HIST 200, 201, or POSC 2253
PHIL 215 (strongly recommended)3 
 17 15
Total Credits 32

Biological Science, B.S. Secondary Instruction (BISN)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 103 or 1653BBST 103 or 1653
BIOS 1123BIOS 1033
BIOS 1141BIOS 1113
CHEM 1054BIOS 1131
PSYC 200 (required)3CHEM 1064
GNST 1021ENGL 100 or 1123
 15 17
Total Credits 32
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 209 or 2103BBST 209 or 2103
BBST 2513BIOS 2001
BIOS 236 or 2814BIOS Elective4
CHEM 301 or 3213LEDU 3303
LEDU 3013Communication (see Core Curriculum)3
KNES 1071PHIL 215 (strongly recommended)3
 17 17
Total Credits 34
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 3653BBST 3543
PHSC 1113BIOS 4014
PHSC 1171MATH 210 or 3183
LEDU 3413LEDU 4253
ENGL 3133Literature (see Core Curriculum)3
HIST 200 or POSC 2253Writing Competency Requirement
 Graduation Petition due in Registrar's Office
 16 16
Total Credits 32
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBST 300/400 Bible Elective3BBST 4653
BBST 306, 316, 326, or 3363BIOS 3123
BIOS 3324LEDU 4383
Fine Arts (see Core Curriculum)3LEDU 4332
 KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 13 12
Total Credits 25

NOTE: The course sequence table is designed by the major department and is one way that the classes will work out properly in sequence for your major. However, there are alternative or flexible ways to rotate some of the classes within the same year/level and sometimes between year levels. Please contact your major department advisor to discuss flexible alternatives in scheduling the sequence of your classes.

Taking coursework during the summer session may also be an option to accelerate your degree path.

See Core Curriculum Program section for a list of approved Core Curriculum courses.

Biological Science, B.S. General Biology (BSGB)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 1014HNRS 1054
HNRS 1024HNRS 1064
BIOS 1123BIOS 1113
BIOS 1141BIOS 1131
CHEM 1054CHEM 1064
GNST 1021KNES 1071
 17 17
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 2104HNRS 2304
HNRS 2154HNRS 2314
BIOS 281, 282, 380, or 3814BIOS 2001
CHEM 3013BIOS 2224
CHEM 3111CHEM 3023
 CHEM 3121
 16 17
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 3244HNRS 3374
HNRS 3262HNRS 3392
MATH 125, 150, 210, or 3183BIOS 4014
PHSC 1113PHSC 1123
PHSC 1171PHSC 1181
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1ENGL 3133
 14 17
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 4434HNRS 4584
BIOS 3324BIOS 3123
BIOS 450, 470, or 4801BIOS 3221
BIOS Elective4BIOS Elective4
 BBST 4653
 13 15
Total Credits 126

Note: If you have taken 2 years of the same foreign language in high school, you have fulfilled your foreign language requirement. Otherwise, contact the Modern Languages Department for placement test instructions. 

Biological Science, B.S. Environmental Science (BIES)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 1014HNRS 1054
HNRS 1024HNRS 1064
BIOS 1123BIOS 1033
BIOS 1141CHEM 1064
CHEM 1054KNES 1071
GNST 1021 
 17 16
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 2104HNRS 2304
HNRS 2154HNRS 2314
BIOS 2001BIOS 2224
CHEM 3013PHSC 1033
CHEM 3111PHSC 1041
KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1 
 14 16
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 3244HNRS 3374
HNRS 3262HNRS 3392
PHSC 1113BIOS 4014
PHSC 1171PHSC 1123
Environmental Science Elective4PHSC 1181
 Organismal BIOS Elective4
 14 18
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 4434HNRS 4584
MATH 210 or 3183BBST 4653
Organismal BIOS Elective4BIOS 332, 281, or 3814
ENGL 3133BIOS 450, 470, or 4801
 Environmental Science Elective4
 14 16
Total Credits 125

Note: If you have taken 2 years of the same foreign language in high school, you have fulfilled your foreign language requirement. Otherwise, contact the Modern Languages Department for placement test instructions. 

Biological Science, B.S. Pre-Med/Pre-Health Care Professional (BPRE)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 1014HNRS 1054
HNRS 1024HNRS 1064
BIOS 1123BIOS 1113
BIOS 1141BIOS 1131
CHEM 1054CHEM 1064
GNST 1021KNES 1071
 17 17
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 2104HNRS 2304
HNRS 2154HNRS 2314
BIOS 281 or 3814BIOS 2001
CHEM 3013CHEM 3023
CHEM 3111CHEM 3121
 KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 16 14
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 3244HNRS 3374
HNRS 3262HNRS 3392
BIOS 4113BIOS 3123
BIOS 450, 470, or 4801BIOS 3221
PHSC 1113PHSC 1123
PHSC 1171PHSC 1181
 ENGL 3133
 14 17
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 4434HNRS 4584
BIOS 3324BIOS Elective3
BIOS 355 or 4014BIOS Elective3
BIOS Elective3MATH 125, 150, 210, or 3183
 BBST 4653
 15 16
Total Credits 126

Note: If you have taken 2 years of the same language in high school, you have fulfilled your foreign language requirement. Otherwise, contact Modern Language Department for placement test instructions.

Biological Science, B.S. Secondary Instruction (BISN)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 1014HNRS 1054
HNRS 1024HNRS 1064
BIOS 1123BIOS 1113
BIOS 1141BIOS 1131
CHEM 1054CHEM 1064
GNST 1021 
 17 16
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 2104HNRS 2304
HNRS 2154HNRS 2314
BIOS 236 or 2814BIOS 1033
CHEM 301 or 3213BIOS 2001
LEDU 3013LEDU 3303
 KNES 1071
 18 16
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 3244HNRS 3374
HNRS 3262HNRS 3392
PHSC 1113BIOS 4014
PHSC 1171MATH 210 or 3183
ENGL 3133LEDU 4253
LEDU 3413KNES Activity (see Core Curriculum)1
 16 17
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HNRS 4434HNRS 4584
BIOS 3324BBST 4653
BIOS Elective4BIOS 3123
PSYC 200 (required)3LEDU 4332
 LEDU 4383
 15 15
Total Credits 130

Note: If you have taken 2 years of the same language in high school, you have fulfilled your foreign language requirement. Otherwise, contact the Modern Languages Department for placement test instructions.